General Information about Bushehr
Bushehr is one of the southernmost cities in the Persian Gulf neighborhood. The city has two natural locations, mountainous and plain, with cool winters and hot and humid summers. The proximity to the Persian Gulf and the kilometers of coastline has given Bushehr an important strategic position.
For this reason, it has long been the focus of the naval base and harbor and the exchange of culture and wealth. Bushehr has been called Iran’s energy capital because of its huge oil and gas reserves. In Bushehr, there are different races such as Aryan, Sami, African and Jade. Racial and ethnic diversity has led to the emergence of diverse dialects in the language of the people of this land. The inadequate position of livestock and agricultural products in the region has led to considerable progress in the field of handicrafts.
The Bushehr’s monuments include sacred buildings, mosques and spectacular mansions that trace the historical, Islamic and contemporary era. These relics show the presence of some of the most advanced architectural art in the region, the best of which is the ancient texture of the city and one of the most important attractions of Bushehr.
Bushehr province is divided into lowland and mountainous regions in both lowland and highland.
Lowland: The province lies along the Persian Gulf which extends to the northwest to the southeast and extends to a maximum of 140 km. It reaches along the Mand River Valley.
Highland: The province consists of two major mountain ranges that run parallel to the entire length of the province. These mountains consist of sour plaster heights and low heights, which are respectively in the northern and eastern parts of the province.
By the Bushehr annual temperature is 24 degrees Celsius, the highest in the summer at about 50 degrees and the lowest in the winter at about 6 degrees. Temperatures rarely reach zero in the coldest months of the year. The average heat is reported to be 15 ° C in the coldest months of the year. In Bushehr province between May and October (about 140 days) the temperature is above 10 degrees Celsius. In 63 days of this period the temperature is between 40 and 50 degrees.
Transportation of Bushehr
During its 90 years of operation, the airport has always been the most active and, of course, the best air route and shortcut to the Southeast Asian continent and also Bushehr. Due to its location not only in Iran but also in the Asian continent, the airport is committed to accepting flights and air navigation systems and facilities of advanced power and equipment.
Bushehr Railway is also one of the oldest railway lines in Iran. Bushehr railway station can be accessed in all cities of Iran. Also, due to its strategic and geographical location, this station is a place for loading and transferring cargo to other Iranian cities.
The ancient city of Siraf is one of the oldest ports of Bushehr in the Sassanid era. The houses of this port were similar to those of Masouleh and were made in stairs. The old port of Siraf was destroyed in an earthquake in 367 AH and its remains are part of the historic attractions of Bushehr, in a place called Siraf. The inhabitants of this port were Jewish until the arrival of Islam in Iran, and after their conversion to Islam, they changed their name to Taheri Port. Nowadays, Siraf Port is a spectacular place in Bushehr.
Mosque of the Bardastan
Bardastan Mosque is one of the monuments located in the village of Bardastan, one of the functions of Bushehr. The mosque dates back to 10 centuries and experts believe that the Mosque of Bardastan is one of the oldest monuments of the time of Islam’s arrival in Iran.
The mosque has a rectangular building and an altar, two rooms and a nave, and its original design was a cross. The outside of the mosque has a large wind chiller to cool the air inside the mosque on hot days. Near the mosque there is a historical cemetery written on the tombs with the Kufic script, dating back to the fourth and fifth centuries AH.
Salt Dome of Jashk
Jashk salt dome is the only natural effect of Bushehr city caused by the activity of the lake and salt waterfalls. The area is part of the Jashk Mountains, in Gankhak Village. The presence of this salt dome has caused salinity of the river water. Experts say the salt dome originated in the first period of geology.
The home of Raeisali Delvari
Raeisali Delvari was one of the brave people of Tangestan. This man, led the popular uprising against the British occupiers in Bushehr and Tangestan for seven years. His home has now become a museum, dating back to the Qajar era. Part of the house is dedicated to the preservation of historical records of the Raeisali campaign and the weapons.
Qucharak Spa Fountain
This spring, which is one of the natural attractions of this land, is on the way to Bushehr to Bandar Abbas. Fountain water is one of the richest waters and contains calcium, sulfate and magnesium and sodium.
Chehel Khane cave
This cave in the city of Saad Abad is one of the parts of Bushehr city that is one of the monuments of this land. The mountain range in this area is linked to the Shapur River, and in the upper reaches of the mountain. There are chambers like rock caves, which are very beautiful, and this place is known as the Chehel Khane Cave.