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Markazi (Arak)

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Introduction of Markazi

The Markazi province known as the industrial capital of Iran is located in the center of the country. The two Alborz and Zagros mountains hold the province in their midst. The province has a high ability to produce flowers and plants, and the city is the center of these plants. The Markazi province dates back to the second and third millenniums BC. In the ancient hills and elsewhere, this land can be traced to the works of various civilizations as well as to various tribes.

Markazi Province was one of the great Median states in the first millennium BC, and all of central and western parts of Iran were located within the province and were one of the ancient centers of settlement on the Iranian plateau.

The Greek rulers in the Seleucid period gave great importance to the northern part of the province, especially the Khorhe district. The archeological remains of this era are in evidence, confirming this. Markazi province was the tenth Satrapi in the Achaemenid period. It was part of the Parthian period in the Median province and in the Sassanid period in the Khorizan province.

Climate of Markazi

The Markazi province has a variety of climates due to elevation fluctuations, proximity to the central Iranian margin, adjacent to part of the Sultan’s Basin, the Miqan Desert and the salt lake catchment area, and the Alborz and Zagros crossings. This province covers part of the central plateau of Iran. The whole province is divided into three sub-desert, temperate mountainous climates with cold winters and temperate summers. The average annual precipitation is in the range of 170 to 450 mm. The average annual temperature also varies from 18 ° C to 4 ° C.

Arak

Arak city of Markazi province

Access routes to Markazi

Markazi Railway

Markazi Railway is located on chahar sarbaz Street and is 70 years old. The most important Arak and Shazand passenger stations are Samangan. Arak Railway connects to the cities of Qom, Markazi, Hamedan and Lorestan.

Fly to Markazi

Markazi Airport was built in 1366 and was established in northeast of Arak in the desert area of ​​Miqan, adjacent to the salt lake of Miqan. Makazi has a large airport and the oldest airport is Arak. It started operating the airport three times a week on Arak-Mashhad and Arak-Asalouyeh routes and vice versa on Saturday, Sunday and Saturday, as well as other flights to Tehran, Ardebil and Kish.

Attractions of Markazi

Miqan Wetland

Right in the heart of the wilderness, a 25,000-acre wetland overlooks its beauty. In addition to providing water to a desert town, Miqan Wetland helps to clean the air. If there is enough rainfall throughout the year, it becomes waterlogged, but in low rainfall it becomes a desert form. The marshy lands are a major source of sodium sulfate in the country, which has led Iran’s mineral resources plant to extract minerals from the wetland. If you are interested in nature, do not forget to visit the wetland, as there are various and sometimes rare species of birds, mammals and saltwater plants around it. The most famous of these is Dorna.

Meighan Wetland

Arak

Arak market

Arak’s bazaar dates back to 1228 AH during the reign of Fath Ali Shah and was one of the first buildings built in Arak according to the needs of the city. The bazaar complex includes school buildings, mosques, baths, saucer houses, inns and water storage. Unfortunately, today there are only mosques and sanctuaries left. At the time of its construction, it was connected to the main gates of the city on every side, adding to its importance.

You can go to the market to buy any supplies you need. The market is less than a kilometer long and has very high walls that in some places reach up to 7 meters in length. Fortunately, there are many entrances and exits to the embedded market so that almost every aisle has its own route and in the event of an accident or fire increases the speed of exit.

Chahar Fasl Bath

At the time of Ahmad Shah Qajar, it was built by Mohammad Ibrahim Khansari. Today, it is located on Dr. Beheshti Street in Arak. This is due to paintings from different seasons in the corner of the bathroom. This 1600-square-meter monument has the title of Iran’s largest bathhouse. The water needed for it was provided by the aqueduct and, to keep it warm, made it about 3.5 meters lower than the surrounding streets.

Arak

Chahar Fasl Bath

Village of Hazawe

To reach the village of Hazawe we have to go west to Arak city, 18 kilometers. The village dates back to the fifth century AH. The tallest part of King Ahmad’s tomb is believed to belong to the Ilkhanid period, which was rebuilt and modernized during the Safavid era. Hazawe texture is a staircase due to the foothills and is made of flowers, stones and wood. The village of Hazawe has been called the birthplace of men in Iranian history, Because famous people such as Amir Kabir, Mirza Bozorg were born.

Church of the Holy Masroop

In the backyard of this Qajar church in Armenian it is written: The Church of the Holy Masroop was built in the 1914th year with the help of the Shazand Armenians. The large building has a school, a church and a priest’s house. There is also a memorial to the Armenian martyrs of the imposed war in its courtyard. The ruined church is located on Shahid Chamran Street.

Arak

Church of the Holy Masroop