look at the situation of literacy in Iran and the world in the third millennium 

Literacy, the context of sustainable development

Literacy is a fundamental need in ending absolute poverty and promoting the public welfare of all people. Therefore, literacy is one of the pillars of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The fourth goal of the UN Sustainable Development Goals emphasizes that all young people learn literacy and arithmetic well, and that a significant proportion of adults who lack these skills also have the opportunity to learn to read, write and count. To gain.

The ideals of sustainable development want to provide access to quality education and learning opportunities throughout the life of all people.

UN Secretary-General: There are 750 million illiterates in the world, of which 115 million are young people.

In a message on World Literacy Day on September 8, 2016, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called on all governments and their partners to join the global literacy effort.

Education, like access to proper food and shelter, is a right for everyone. Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “Everyone has the right to education.”

Education is also a prerequisite for human development and the most powerful tool for reducing poverty and improving health and gender equality. Education promotes peace, democracy, increased labor productivity, accumulation of human capital, improved community health, and economic growth in countries. Hence, the ultimate goal of the “Education for All” slogan is to achieve sustainable development.

Each year, 2,000 world leaders, with the development and adoption of the “Millennium Charter”, addressed the ideal of primary public education and pledged that by 2015, children, both boys and girls, will be able to receive education anywhere in the world. Complete elementary school and increase the literacy rate of men and women between the ages of 15 and 24.

In Iran, teaching literacy to the illiterate, and basically literacy, is the responsibility of the Ministry of Education, and the Literacy Movement Organization, as its trustee, has this serious task.

In the literacy movement program, two short-term and long-term goals are explained:

  1. A) Short-term: Teaching reading and writing to people deprived of the valuable blessings of literacy
  2. B) Long-term: raising the awareness and knowledge of young literate adults in various fields and transforming the dependent culture of the country into an independent and self-sufficient culture

According to international statistics, today almost 90% of Iranians are literate, which shows a significant growth from 109 years ago until now. In the 10-year period between 1976 and 1987, about 10 million people were added to the number of literate people in Iran.

The Literacy Movement Organization has received five medals of honor from UNESCO and Isco.

According to historical texts, the subject of literacy in Iran dates back to five thousand years BC and the remnants of the Jiroft civilization show that the Iranians were rich in literacy and culture.

* A look at the situation of universities in Iran

Iran has the highest number of universities in the 2015 Leiden ranking among the countries in the Middle East.

 * Iranian universities in the world situation

Based on the latest results of the Leiden ranking system; One of the most prestigious international ranking systems, 5 Iranian universities among the top 750 universities in the world in 2013 have been identified, evaluated and ranked

Authority and scientific diplomacy are the two main pillars of this ranking. A comparison of the performance of Iranian universities in the 2014 and 2015 Leiden rankings shows that the research performance of the country’s universities has grown significantly compared to previous years.

In 2014, the number of Iranian universities in this ranking reached 12, and in 2015, 13 universities from Iran were among the top 750 universities in the world.

* Women’s literacy and increase their participation in sustainable development

Undoubtedly, education will improve the lives of the general public, including children, especially the education of young women, give them a clear view of current and future generations, and have particular implications for UNICEF priorities.

Statistics show an increase in the female student population, and a UNESCO report confirms that Iran has grown steadily in the “Equality of Opportunity for Education for Girls” index.

* Rank 69 in Iran in public education

Last year, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) published a comprehensive report and wrote in the study of women’s education in Iran; Iran is ranked 69th among the middle countries in terms of the public education development index.

The UNESCO report confirms that Iran has steadily grown in the Equality of Education Opportunity Index for Girls, and on the other hand, Iran is among the countries that have achieved the goal set to expand public education.

Significant growth in female student statistics in the last 3 decades

The statistics of the last 3 decades in Iran show a significant growth in the number of women in the country’s student community.

  * Iran is ranked 79th among 149 countries in terms of sustainable development.

The distribution of the literate population by gender shows that according to the results of the census of year 2, of the total literate population was 2.6% male and 2.8% female, while in the year 1 this index changed to 3.2% and 3.2%. In fact, the gap between literate men and literate women has narrowed dramatically over the years 2-3. Changes in this index during these years show an increase in the number of literate women and the literacy rate of men and women approaching each other, so that this gap has decreased from about 1.5 percent in year 1 to 5 percent in year 1.