The Bakhtiari people, part of the Iranian tribes

live in the oak forests of the beautiful slopes of the Zagros and in southwestern Iran. Following the Bakhtiari tribes, which show a show of originality and bravery in front of your eyes, you should start an interesting journey among the springs and lakes of the heart of Zagros. You see the place of this people in the enchanting nature of the snowy mountain range, in the stunning greenery of the forests, in the beauty of the rivers and waterfalls. Then you can see a corner of the wonderful life of this people, even in their nomadic attraction. In the following, we will introduce the history, ethnography, the role of Bakhtiari nomadic women , rituals and customs, Chahar Lang and Haft Lang, foods, population and handicrafts of Bakhtiari tribe and tribe .

Bakhtiari people as one of the most populous tribes in Iran often live in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari , Lorestan , Khuzestan , Isfahan and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces . The Bakhtiari people are from the Bakhtiari tribe, but today these Iranians are urbanized in different provinces. Naturally, we will refer to the Bakhtiari tribe to introduce the Bakhtiari tribes. And it is the rituals and rituals of the tribe, which are of great value as a spiritual heritage.


Bakhtiari tribes in the glory of the splendor of heroism of shooting and hunting

Today, we intend to dedicate the pleasant and attractive aspects of the vast table of travel in Iran to this brave people. Then we will explain to you about the race and lineage of the Bakhtiari tribe, their political situation, the naming of the names of the Bakhtiari tribes and Chahar Lang and Haft Lang . Also, if you like, we will tell a few stories about the birth of a baby, marriage and even the mourning ceremony of this people. Really, be prepared to tell the history of the Bakhtiari tribes, as well as the organizational chart, language and political situation. But we will talk about the ritual of hunting, shooting, horseback riding, Gagrio drawing, music, stone lions and even the important issue of the migration of Bakhtiari nomads .

Bakhtiari nomads cross the Turkish river

It is also not bad to know about the religion, how it is covered and the lovely food of this people. But you should also know about the flora and fauna in the residential areas of this people. It is also better to talk about handicrafts and the status of Bakhtiari women . Therefore, we suggest that you join us in the matter of Bakhtiari tribes.

Origin, lineage and race of Bakhtiari tribes

It should be said that the Bakhtiari tribes have their roots in the Aryan race and consider their origin to be from the Aryan parties . The Parthians founded the Parthian dynasty before the establishment of Islam. You can even raise questions about the role of the Bakhtiari tribes in the Achaemenid rule. But we should also mention the Lor Bakhtiari people after the Arab invasion, during the rule of the prisoners and its founder Karim Khan Zand. In fact, the Bakhtiari ethnicity belongs to the Lor community of the country. Really know that Lors are divided into two groups of large Lors known as Bakhtiari and small Lors, ie the inhabitants of Lorestan, and also lang, unit and measure to determine the amount of Bakhtiari taxes. Of course, you can see the range of Bakhtiari tribes in two groups, Chahar Lang and Haft Lang. A great nation, which is called the greatest nation in the world.


The name of Bakhtiari tribe

It seems that there are many narrations about the name of this greatest nation. But the pure meaning of the word Bakhtiar comes from being lucky and happy. It is probable that the use of the word Bakhtiar is due to the names of some of the rulers of this people. It should be noted that the Starki dynasty during the Safavid period consisted of most of the commanders of the Great Lor tribe. Also during the Safavid dynasty, the name of Mirza Jahangir Khan Starki was known as Shakil Bakhtiar. Perhaps this name goes back to one of Mirza Jahangir Khan’s ancestors. Of course, you can also know the Bakhtiari ethnicity based on beliefs derived from the West. Because the belief in the life of the Bakhtiaris was in the West, which has been transformed into Bakhtiari over time. Even Haj Ali Gholi Khan Bakhtiari or Sardar Asad Bakhtiari, who was one of the elders of the Bakhtiar tribe and the victorious commander of the conquest of Tehran, attributed this tribe to Izz al-Dawla Bakhtiar, one of the rulers of the Al-Buwayh dynasty.


There is a reason called Four Langs  and Seven Langs

Basically, it is better to know that the division of Bakhtiari tribes into two branches, Haft Lang and Chahar Lang, took place during the Safavid period. Of course, it should be said that the basis of the rule of houses and their financial foundation was based on the extent of pastures, the number of livestock and the collection of taxes. Really know that lang is also meant as “foot” and is known as the tax unit of Bakhtiari tribe. In Safavid times, taxation on mares was done in the Bakhtiari tribe. Therefore, for a larger population with more pastures and livestock in this tribe, two mares were considered as octopus for tax purposes. Even one-legged ones were tax-ignored and were referred to as seven limbs. But for a smaller population with less pasture and livestock ability, the tax base for a mare was rotated. Also according to this, a mare was a tax benchmark, which is called four-legged.

Organizational chart of Bakhtiari tribes

You can know Bab from the divisions of Haft Lang and Chahar Lang Bakhtiari tribes. Of course, the Babs in the Haft Lang tribe include four Babadis, Duraki, Behdarvand and Dinarani. But the Chahar Lang tribe consists of five chapters , namely Kiarsi, Mahmoud Saleh, Maiwand, Zalqi and Mugui. After Bob, it is the turn of several groups of tribes . It is better to know each tribe as well, several dark- grouped. But do not rush and be aware that each gens has categories called tash . In fact, Tash is also divided into a number of children . It is not over yet and it is better to know in the continuation of this division that each offspring contains several creatures . Cryo really shows a large number of households, In more detailed divisions of Bakhtiari tribes. Of course, the black tent is mentioned as a residential unit and a place for the Bakhtiar family to live together and in the black tents that represent property .

Bakhtiari Chahar Lang

You should know that one of the great branches of the Bakhtiari tribes is summarized in Chaharlang. You will not see much difference between the Chahar Lang tribe and the other Bakhtiari branch in terms of culture and customs. But a different migration route and even a different residence will undoubtedly cause differences between the two branches of the ethnic group. For example, you will see changes in the accent and manner of speaking of these two branches of the Bakhtiari people. Indeed, the distribution of the population of Chaharlang Bakhtiari is less than its other branch. You can find four tribes of Bakhtiari tribes , mostly in Lorestan provinces, northern Khuzestan region and southwestern part of Isfahan.See. The issue of nomads migrating from summer to winter and vice versa, is done. Of course, you can see the location of the migration of the Chaharlang branch in the article of the tribes of Iran, on this website. Also, each of the four-legged chapters includes several tribes. Like Bab Mahmud Saleh or Mumsaleh, of which the Orosh tribe is one of its divisions.

Bakhtiari Haft Lang tribe

The Haft Lang branch of the Bakhtiari tribes , unlike the Chahar Lang branch, which changed from five chapters to four chapters, has maintained its stability in four chapters. You see Haft Lang people mostly in Chaharmahal Bakhtiari and the northern regions of Khuzestan. Of course, a larger population than the Bakhtiari tribe is related to Haft Lang and the financial capacity of this branch is also higher. Indeed, one of the tribes of Haft Lang Bakhtiari branch is known as Behdarvand or Bakhtiarvand . This tribe is also referred to as a strong tribe, possessing wealth and holding positions in the history of Bakhtiari tribes. Indeed, here it is necessary to mention the term khin choi (blood of wood). “Khin Choi” is a kind of covenant of brotherhood, solidarity and defense between two or more tribes. Therefore, this commitment was maintained until the blood was cleansed on the wood, an example of which can be seen between Chahar Lang and Behdarvand in front of the Babadi clan with Duraki.

Population of Bakhtiari tribes

Population and the number of people is certainly a complex issue. And achieving accurate statistics requires professional research and statistics by specifying a set of rules. However, statistics from different ethnic groups are published, the accuracy of which is in a haze of ambiguity. For example, the sources state that the population of Bakhtiari tribes in 1385 solar year was equal to 1,162,700 people. Now, are these numbers really true or not !? It’s a place for unanswered questions. Of course, this is for the population of all ethnic groups in our country, and there is no doubt that this dear ethnic group is populous in the country.

Religion and dialect of Bakhtiari people

Belief in the one God has deep roots in the Bakhtiari ethnicity. Although the Bakhtiari were once considered the true embodiment of the Zoroastrian religion, they later converted to this sacred religion with the advent of Islam. They are also subject to the Shiite religion. But about the language and how Bakhtiari tribes speak, you should know that Bakhtiari dialect is one of the types of conversation in Lori language. This Lori Bakhtiari dialect can be divided into four types of dialects.

  1. A) The eastern region, which includes the northern and northeastern cities of Khuzestan, and have the dialect of Boyer Ahmadi.
  2. B) The southern regions speak the dialect of the Bahmani tribe.
  3. C) Dialect and conversation of Chahar Lang region, without being influenced by dialect.
  4. D) Dialect in Middle Bakhtiari, which is usually fluent, integrated and far from being affected.

Daily life of Bakhtiari nomads on the edge of Choghakhor wetland

History of Bakhtiari people

Based on archaeological evidence, you can know the residence of the Bakhtiari people, one of the first places where life began as rural and with the emergence of agriculture. Even in the excavation of Pabdeh cave, in Bakhtiari mountains, we come across tools such as blades, hammers, stone axes and so on. At the same time, the effects of PEBDEH seem to indicate the Paleolithic life of man. Inside this cave located in Khuzestan and around the city of Lali, there is evidence of the life of the tribe and clan in which they lived. Also in the caves of Mirmalas and Dusheh from Lorestan, we find works related to fifteen thousand years BC. These caves are also full of human paintings and images of animals. From these pictures, you can see the existence of group hunting, hunting, as well as collecting plants, roots and fruits of plants.

More cognition of the history of the Bakhtiari tribe

In the fourth millennium BC, the Elamite government grew and developed in Lorestan, Poshtkuh and Bakhtiari mountains. Works include several reliefs on mountains, cliffs and rocks, and even cuneiform inscriptions. Indeed, this area is known as lithographs by archaeologists. The Persians formed a new government by entering the Parsumash area located east of Shushtar from the sub-mountains of the Bakhtiari Mountains. This happened around 700 BC, when Elam was no longer so powerful. Of course, with the arrival of the Aryans in this land, they became a victorious people with a special language and traditions. This is where the combination of the Persian and Bakhtiari peoples comes into play. Even the Bakhtiari community is known as a tribe left over from the Persians, such as the Murfis and the Maspians. They were one of the first tribes to join Achaemenid Cyrus.

War between the Bakhtiari people and the Arabs

Shortly after the defeat of Mohammad Taghi Khan Chaharlang Bakhtiari , a group of women and children of the tribe, along with one hundred and twelve horsemen of Bakhtiari, went to the Bakhtiari and Mongasht mountains to be safe. Of course, the group was led by Kaid Ismail Makvand, known as “Kasmal”. Thus, they encountered about 1,500 Arabs in the Czech Cedar area. Indeed, Sheikh Hamid bin Ahmad Sharifat was in charge of the Arab group. In order to get closer to Manouchehr Khan Gorji , this person intended to kill the Bakhtiari people on his behalf. Manouchehr Khan became one of the courtiers during the reign of Fath Ali Shah and was nicknamed Motamed Doleh. Sharifat intended to covet and reach out to the beautiful women, property and spoils of the people. But fourteen horsemen from the Bakhtiari tribe carried out the destruction of women until they were defeated. Avoid capturing them.


The brave war of the Bakhtiari and Arab tribes

At that time, the women of the three tribes braided their hair in such a way as to save the arrow by shooting three people together. While confronting the Arabs, Kaid Ismail Makoundi began his speech. Then, using precise war tactics, the hero invited the men of the Bakhtiari people to war. But the British Labard explains that each of Bakhtiari’s zealous men fought just like a lion. As I had never seen before, how can a man fight like a lion. Also, despite the multiplicity of the Arab population, they defeated the flag, weapons and tools and fled. Thus, in this war, the Arabs suffered a humiliating defeat. Finally, in addition to defeating the Arabs, the Bakhtiari people were able to gain many captives and even booty. This event took place in February 1220 AH.


Bakhtiari tribes

You should know that the Bakhtiari race consists of a group of groups that gradually migrated to Bakhtiari land. By combining life with the natives, they were able to form a tribe with political and social conditions called Bakhtiari. Indeed, in the fourth century, the Lorraine region was divided into large and small parts. The Bakhtiari people were considered part of the great Lor. Also, Bakhtiari tribe is divided into two groups called Chahar Lang and Haft Lang. Each of them can represent a branch of the Bakhtiari tribe. But Bob mentions a sign of belonging and connection in the Bakhtiari people. Of course, Bakhtiari tribe is divided by many waterfalls and mountains and creates many tribes. As affiliations become more pronounced and ethnic affiliations increase, different clans emerge from the same tribe. Even clans from a tribe can be small or large.

More details about the structure of Bakhtiari tribes

But let ‘s express Tash after dark. You have to think of this structure as a mental unit, because you will not be able to see the sub-branches called the offspring in an instant. But Tash’s presidency is with a worthy and practical person called a white beard. They are also responsible for political affairs, as well as for resolving social issues. Now it’s time for a smaller unit called Olad. In the traditional life of the Bakhtiari tribes, you see that the inhabitants of a village are usually the descendants of a cryo. You even see people who, with their permission, live next to them and become dependent on them. In a smaller category, each child includes dozens of households. Every family also lives in a black tent. Of course, it is better to know that Siah Chador is a residential unit of Bakhtiari tribes. Also, though, the black tent also forms a property.

The political situation of the Bakhtiari tribes

 You should know that the political ability of the powerful Bakhtiari people underwent many changes during the Qajar rule and during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi. Of course, this was done with changes in the way houses were governed and their power and political base were lost. You can even attribute the transformation from a nomadic system to living in one place and weakening livestock to this political weakness. In fact, with the decline of the power of high-ranking people, we saw political changes among the Bakhtiari tribes, such as the Khans and the sheriffs. Simultaneously with the decline of the political power of the houses in the Bakhtiari tribes, the rise of the central government began with the increase of police stations. In the midst of the Iran-Iraq war, this zealous people has shown self-sacrifice and bravery. Therefore, history should always be considered as a credible witness in sacrificing the lives of Bakhtiari youth. Thus, these people took great steps towards the exaltation and salvation of the homeland.

The difference between Lor and Bakhtiari

Some people believe that these two names are different in terms of origin and roots and are separate tribes. But in this discussion I must say that playing with words is the biggest reason for this question. In fact, not asking the right question has caused ambiguity in the answer.
If we want to answer this question according to scientific and historical documents, it is better to study and study the origins of tribes. According to ethnographic documents and sources, in the hands of these two peoples in terms of origins and authenticity, both are from the same root. To put it more bluntly, both are descendants of the Lor people.
If we look at the genealogy of this people, we see that the Lor people are divided into two main branches called the great Lor (Bakhtiari) and the small Lor (Lor people of the language of Lorestan). According to Hamdollah Mostofi, the Bakhtiaris are of great Iranian descent, also known as the Great Lors. The famous Minorski orientalist on the Bakhtiari people: These tribes were probably the same Lori tribes that according to Shahab al-Din al-Omari migrated.
Now, we come to the part where we talk about the middle ground: are there any differences between the great and the small? I have to say yes. They differ in their dialect. They both spoke Lori but with different dialects.


Hunting customs in the traditions of the Bakhtiari people

Do you know what special principles the hunting customs of the Bakhtiari tribes were subject to?

It is better to be aware that the Bakhtiari people do not allow any living animal to hunt. They try not to prey on the female or young animal and hunt the old male. Bakhtiari people also believe that animals such as Quebec, although beautiful, pleasant and elegant, are suitable for hunting. They consider the red tip of Quebec to be the result of immersion in the blood of the martyrs of Karbala. Therefore, hunting this bird is even considered a reward. The other is hunting, which is a beautiful bird that flies uphill in the mountains when in danger. But mountain goats and mountain ewes are also more common in Bakhtiari tribes. Indeed, you can see the effect of hunting programs in the poems of the Bakhtiari people, who are known as fishermen.

But still know about hunting customs

 Another custom that is common in hunting among the Bakhtiari people is the division of hunting meat between the tribes and the village. Of course, the occasion of the hunt is important in what day is more suitable for fishing. It is even important who should give the gun to the hunter and with which hand he takes the gun.

Traditional wedding customs in Bakhtiari tribes

Do you really know that Bakhtiari tribes’ weddings are often held as a family?

Bakhtiari relatives rarely accept strangers for marriage. The marriage ceremony of the past could have been by the method of the umbilical cord, in which the umbilical cord of a baby girl named a newborn boy was cut. Also, in order to prevent the spread of disputes among the Bakhtiari tribes, blood marriage was used. Other traditional types of marriage include occasional family marriages and marriages. In the Bakhtiari ethnic group, cooperation plays the first role and you cannot ignore the essential role of parents in marriage. From choosing a girl, to zoning or saying yes, even the ceremony of going out and kissing, is subject to certain customs and traditions. Of course, on the occasion of marriage ceremonies in Bakhtiari tribes, selected songs are sung. These songs are called dualali meaning bride and groom.

Beautiful clothes of Bakhtiari people in wedding ceremonies

Combining hunting with marriage in Bakhtiari tribe

It is customary for a young bridegroom to go hunting before the wedding. During this time, his assistant sews hunting clothes. A young man who intends to get married goes to Rafi Klar mountain from the mountains of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Then he decides to hunt a one-horned goat called a goat, which is very sharp and fast. This hunt is done to prepare food for the wedding. Of course, the young mother also prepares a kind of traditional bread according to the customs of the Bakhtiari tribes. Even on the day the young man is about to go hunting, it is customary to tie a scarf around the young man’s waist. But in Bakhtiari tribes, hunting is always honorable. Because in Bakhtiari tribes, hunting this animal can be a reason for courage and bravery of a young man .  


Stone lions symbolize Bakhtiari tribes

Statues of stone lions, also known among Bakhtiari tribes as lions , are still found in Bakhtiari cemeteries. In fact, the stone lion, which the Bakhtiari people consider a symbol of courage and bravery, is a symbol of this people. Therefore, these statues are placed on the graves of famous people and the first level of the people or the brave and fighting youth. In the past, the high mountain towns of Hafshjan, located in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, witnessed the cutting of the most beautiful stone lions. Of course, the different carvings of these statues were slightly different in different parts and different Bakhtiari tribes. But usually the symbols of sword, dagger, mace and gun are seen next to these statues. We also see the details of the deceased on the pollen of these stone lions. These stone lions in small and large sizes as a sign of war and warfare of Bakhtiari tribe fighters, Is erected on their tombstone or in silver term.

Rituals of Nowruz of Bakhtiari tribes

On Nowruz, exciting, joyful and refreshing etiquettes like other ethnic groups in Iran can be seen in Bakhtiari ethnic groups. Drawing a house and washing the carpets from two weeks to the glorious holiday of Nowruz, announces the new year. This is even more evident by soaking and greening grains such as wheat, lentils and mung bean. Of course, the Bakhtiari tribes hold a small Eid ceremony called Eid al-Adha on the day before Eid. The Bakhtiari people go to the graves of their loved ones who were between them and are no longer there. But the tradition of Wednesday Wednesday by jumping over the number of people in the fire, as well as preparing the number of people in the greens is another exciting work of Eid rituals. Setting the seventh tablecloth is another tradition of this traditional Eid. The seventh table is decorated with the Qur’an, greenery, semno, a beautiful cistern full of fish, and so on.

Again in the traditions of Eid Bakhtiari tribes

But know that the women of Bakhtiari tribe, according to ancient customs, wear henna on their hair and hands before Eid. Indeed, giving Eid of roasted wheat with cannabis is another tradition of Bakhtiari tribes on Nowruz. Also in Bakhtiari people, there is a custom of cooking semno on Nowruz. But the interesting tradition of Bakhtiari nomads in setting up black tents is in areas full of greenery and grass. Of course, when the New Year comes, the head of the family reads the Quran. Then the father of the family puts the money he intends to distribute next to the Quran as a sign of good fortune and increase of the day. This money is distributed and spent among family members after the delivery year.

The slopes of Zardkooh Bakhtiari are the summer settlements of Bakhtiari nomads

Music in the land of Bakhtiari tribes

You see music in Diar Bakhtiari very diverse in proportion to life in the mountains and enduring the suffering of very hard nature. Even in Bakhtiari music, in some cases, instead of Dahl, the tambourine should be considered a suitable alternative. Of course, this can be taken from Qashqai music in some way. Among the types of music, you can mention its epic type, which includes reading Shahnameh, along with the beautiful sound of reeds. In the glorious marriage ceremony of Bakhtiari tribes, they use the poems expressed in weddings. This music is played with a circle. Along with it, we also see the touch, which is known as Shep and Strait. But the Toshmals, who are the special performers of the tradition and the inspiring ritual of Bakhtiari music, actually protect this original art. The people of Toshmal, poets, often engage in occupations such as agriculture and animal husbandry, in addition to performing ceremonies in mourning.

The issue of nomadism in Bakhtiari tribe

If you want to know about the culture and customs of the Bakhtiari people , you can look for it in the nomadic nomads of Bakhtiari . The issue of migration, which is also considered a tourist attraction today, is an integral part of the life of the Bakhtiari people. The nomadic Bakhtiari nomads, who should be considered separately from the urban and rural populations of the Bakhtiari tribes, migrate from the winter areas to the summer areas and vice versa due to access to green pastures for grazing livestock. During the exciting and mysterious process of migration, the nomadic Bakhtiari tribes endure many hardships and calamities. They even face the difficulties of crossing dangerous heights and cross the raging and roaring rivers along the migration route. Care in the time of migration, so that the snow does not overtake the Bakhtiari tribes out of time or river floods. Also on the way to migration,It is also called Il-Rah .

Equestrianism in Bakhtiari tribes

The horse is an agile and agile animal, which with its rhythmic and beautiful body, invades the mountains of Diar Bakhtiari . This noble and loyal animal, which is called Korea, is raised by Bakhtiari people from birth. At the age of three, a saddle is tied around the horse’s waist to prepare him for loading. After carrying the load several times, the horse is definitely tired and wants some rest. Then this is repeated several times and this horse is called Nozin. In this way, the horse is prepared for riding or carrying over time. Even horses are used in various mourning and wedding ceremonies or even playing polo. Indeed, the Bakhtiari horse should be considered one of the beautiful horse breeds. Also in Bakhtiari sect, the name of Mayon and Yabu female horse refers to a horse that has no origin and installation.


Shooting in Bakhtiari culture

You should know that living in the desert, mountains and having difficult living conditions made the shooting skills system necessary for the Bakhtiari community. Even the need for defense makes it possible to learn this mastery. The Bakhtiari tribes have excelled in shooting and hunting since ancient times and were very skilled in shooting. The Bakhtiari tribe is even so skilled in the art of shooting that they can successfully shoot at a target while riding. The arts of shooting and equestrianism are among the basic teachings of Bakhtiari parents to their children. We even see the flame of this art and master during the constitutional uprising and the conquest of Tehran. Indeed, you have witnessed the struggles of the heroes of the Bakhtiari tribes using this art in the Iran-Iraq war. Bakhtiari tribes use the art of shooting, including equestrianism, on various occasions such as mourning, weddings and other celebrations.

Beliefs of the Bakhtiari people

The Bakhtiari tribe sometimes has beliefs in life that have their roots in religion, nature, guns, livestock, mountains and plains. Beliefs that, while simple, can sometimes be broken. Among them, Bakhtiari relatives consider that woman as valuable and respectable if the first child is a boy. Having a son is considered synonymous with an increase in fighting power, originality, preservation and transmission of the culture of the elders. If a person does not have a son, he is considered a blind man. They also believe in the old belief that the star is evil. The Bakhtiari people believe that when they leave home, they should not migrate and encounter this star in the sky. Indeed, in the Bakhtiari people, there is a belief based on avoiding evil through sacrifice and shedding blood. Such beliefs are intertwined with the lives of Bakhtiari tribes and are the basis of the changes in their lives.

Women’s clothing in the Bakhtiari tribe

Regarding the women of Bakhtiari tribes , it can be seen that their fresh and colorful cover gives vitality and freshness to Bakhtiari society. Let’s start with enamel, which is a large silk scarf. This scarf is rectangular in shape. Now it must be said of Lak that it is a decorative hat with coins, pearls and sequins and is placed under the enamel. Also know that Season Bin, which is a silver chain, is used to hold enamel and stains firmly. Season Ben with its beautiful decorations, manifests itself in a special way. Of course, the upper body should be considered as a body that reaches to the knees and often has a slit. The new village trousers, which are usually made of velvet fabric, are pleated trousers. The velvet vest is also worn on the shirt. But Bakhtiari women’s shoes are made of leather and are called sash.


Men’s clothing in Bakhtiari ethnicity

In the case of Bakhtiari men’s clothing , we start with Chogha or Chokha, which is a fleece top. This unique dress has a height below the knee and is in a beautiful combination of black and white lines. The combination of the two colors black and white in Chogha can be a symbol of good and evil. But in the case of pants with very wide slippers called debit, it should be said that these pants are often black. Even the Bakhtiari tribes usually wear it with a coat and a dual or leather belt. Of course, debit pants are also worn with chogs. But Bakhtiari tribes use Khosravi black hat in the field of head covering and consider this hat as a sign of greatness. In fact, in the case of Bakhtiari tribes’ shoes, special shoes known as Giove Maleki are used.

Arts and crafts in Bakhtiari people

You should know that you can see the crystallization of the pleasant and sweet spirit of true art in the powerful and great Bakhtiari people. First, we talk about the most important field of art, namely the Bakhtiari carpet, which is the product  of the Bakhtiari nomadic artists . Bakhtiari women, with dyed wool yarn, make kilims in their spare time. But in the field of felt that is made of wool, an art of Bakhtiari handicraftsis. Felt cloth is used to make blankets, vests, capes and so on. Indeed, the delicate art of inlay is also manifested in the Bakhtiari people with colored sticks or bones. Jajim, a decorative cover pouch, a tuber that has the shape of a backpack and the preparation of special footwear, are also considered as handicrafts in the art of embroidery. Of course, stone carving and engraving on stone and stone volume making, engraving, inlay on wood, making gold, embroidery, mosaic and و are also among the arts of Bakhtiari tribes.

Delicious food in Bakhtiari land

Now, when it is time, it is better to go for the delicious food of Bakhtiari tribe. We should look for the most famous Bakhtiari food in delicious kebabs and its popular type of Bakhtiari kebab. But let me express the tempting Chaharmahal doogh soup with its fragrant and unique vegetables. The truth is that tomato pilaf is a popular food of Bakhtiari tribes in which mutton is cooked separately. Of course, you can also tell about drawing a coin inside the meatballs. Belief in good things for a person who gets coin meatballs is in the Eid dinner. Other pleasant foods of Bakhtiari tribes , you can mention Abriz or, as the Bakhtiari people say, Oberiz. It is interesting to know that meat, chicken and even liver are cooked in this food without water. Of course, you can not miss the desirable food of curd soup, to which water is added.

Bakhtiari people

The Bakhtiari people live in the foothills of the Zagros and in southwestern Iran. In the above article, we introduced the population, Chahar Lang and Haft Lang, customs, traditional foods, the role of women, handicrafts, structure and tradition of Bakhtiari tribes.