Desert estuary and desert

Access roads: It is located in the easternmost point of Isfahan province (420 km from Isfahan city). There are 126 large and small settlements in Khor and Biabank cities. Most of the villages in Khor district are dense and most of the houses are built next to springs or streams. The old houses of this area usually have materials of mud and clay, although in the more modern parts you will see houses in the modern form. A large area of ​​this area includes the desert. You can enjoy, from beautiful sands to ancient castles and amazing natural natural phenomena, star observation, Aphrodite, etc. Some of the sights of this area are as follows: Misrad village 45 km east of Jandagh and It is located 60 km north of Khor. A person named Yousef built this village and made great efforts to irrigate and keep it alive. For this reason, the other name of this village is Mazrae or Kalateh Yousef. The old name here was Chah Daraz, but at the request of Yusuf himself, the name “Egypt”, which was the residence of Prophet Yusuf, was considered for this village. Bayazeh Castle is located 53 km from Khor and Biyabank in Bayazeh village. Going to Bayazeh village, you will see a multi-storey building known as Bayazah Citadel. Around this building, wide and deep ditches 7 to 13 meters long were used to protect the citadel from enemies. This historical castle made of clay and mud dates back to the Sassanid era, which has had a defensive as well as residential function for many years. The historical castle of Jandagh is located in the city of Jandagh, which dates back to the patriarchal and Sassanid eras. The area of ​​the castle is 1.5 hectares and there are still people living in the place of this big castle. Walking through its back alleys, you can visit the houses of the castle, mosque, Hosseinieh, bath, as well as the house of the famous poet of our country, Yaghma Jandaghi. Jandagh Castle, which despite its antiquity and destructive natural factors, is still registered in the list of national monuments in 1393. Some believe that this castle was Anushirvan prison, but its texture and size has refuted this hypothesis to some extent. In the center of Jandagh Castle, go to a mosque that shows the beliefs of the residents. This two-nave mosque was probably built in 960 AH so that the inhabitants of the castle could go there for worship. Upon entering the mosque, you will see a large square. The courtyard of the mosque is rectangular and around it there are pavilions with golden arches. If you are encouraged to see the grove and the blue sky, it is better to visit Garmeh, one of the beautiful and spectacular areas of this region. The village is located on the Silk Road, where an ancient castle remains. Garmeh Castle is attributed to the Sassanid period, which probably had both defensive and residential uses. This village also has a beautiful spring that you will reach with a question. In the west of Khor village and at 17 km, there is a village known as Farrokhi village. In the past, the people of Khor and Biyabank called this village Daralaman. The village is famous for this name because people who complained about the oppressive rulers of that time came to Farrokhi village and took refuge with a judge where someone was respected. Several four-arched buildings can be seen in Farrokhi Cemetery, one of which is known as “Pir”. It is said that Haj Seyyed Mirza Jandaghi, the famous mujtahid of Khor and Biyabank, ordered the construction of the Farrokhi Grand Mosque during the Qajar period. The nave of the mosque has 7 pavilions, 3 of which have been built in the last 50 years due to lack of space. The mosque has two parts, which until recently used a special section for the same season in different seasons. In the center to the south of the central desert, there is an amazing salt lake and you can see a beautiful view of the horizon with the reflection of the sky on See the lake. Salt Khor and Biyabank lakes in the rainy seasons are a mixture of mud and clay and in dry seasons it looks like the White Sea. Reach south of the lake. Since the land around the lake and sometimes the lake itself becomes swampy, it is better not to go there from other routes. The best time to travel is the non-warm seasons of the year

Maranjab desert

Access roads: Aran and Bidgol cities, 5 km north of Kashan, after a distance of about 5 km on the asphalt road to the north, we reach 3 roads of Kavir Steel Factory. From here, the main dirt road of Marnjab starts in the northeast direction. Maranjab desert is located in the north of Aran and Bidgol cities of Kashan city in Isfahan province. Marnjab was originally the name of a caravanserai and aqueduct that was built during the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid and after that the surrounding areas are known as Marnjab desert. The Marnjab region is originally part of the Rig Dam Desert and is located to the north. This desert from the north to Masileh salt lake (Aran and Bidgol), from the west to Masileh desert and Ab Shirin desert, from the east to Posht Rig desert and desert national park and from the south to Bandarig desert and flowing sand dunes of this desert and cities Aran, Bidgol and Kashan are limited. The average altitude of Maranjab desert is about 850 meters above sea level. Most of this desert is covered with sand dunes and sand dunes. Marnjab desert is very rich in vegetation. The main vegetation of the region includes saline plants such as turmeric trees, arches and scissor bushes. The animal cover of the region is very rich due to the abundance of water and food, including animals such as wolves, jackals, hyenas, sand foxes, sand cats. Bezmjeh, chameleon, all kinds of lizards, snakes, scorpions, tihu eagles and hawks mentioned. In recent years, a pair of leopards has also been observed in the Marnjab area. Aran and Bidgol road to Marnjab and Dastkan is one of the communication roads that connected Isfahan to Kashan, Yazd, Mashhad and Tehran. During the Safavid period, the route of Isfahan (capital) and Mashhad was of special importance. Maranjab route connects Isfahan through Kashan to Isfahan-Mashhad paved road. This route deviates from Garmsar to the bottom and continues to Siahkuh and connects to Dastkan road. Dastkan in the continuation of Marnjab route was the junction of the road that connected Kashan to Garmsar and Varamin and a branch continued to Ardestan and a branch continued to Yazd. After the construction of caravanserais, the supply of water needed was essential. Maranjab water is supplied by a 2500 meter long aqueduct from the northern part of the caravanserai on loose sandy lands. Digging numerous wells in these sandy soils has been so difficult that this area became known as the Man of Water Suffering and over time changed to Maranjab for ease of pronunciation. In the middle of the 45-kilometer dirt road, we reach a steep slope called the “Speech Breaker”. After crossing the sermon breaker on the east side of the route, there is a salt field which is known as Kanjeh well. The length of this desert is about 4 km and its width is about 2 km. This desert is located in our alluvial hole between Marnjab desert and Aran city. After crossing the sermon breaker on the east side of the route, there is a salt field which is known as Kanjeh well. The length of this desert is about 4 km and its width is about 2 km. This desert is located in our alluvial hole between Marnjab desert and Aran city. On the edge of the desert, swollen clay soils can be seen. After the swollen soils, a narrow strip (about 500 meters) of the wetland surrounds the desert and then an irregular salt crust is seen. In this desert, no salt platforms can be seen. This desert is not a specific catchment area of ​​the river and is fed by a spring located in its southeastern part called “Chah Kanjeh”. Following the Maranjab route, after traveling a distance of about 35 km from the dirt road, we reach the crossroads of the salt lake. This road has been constructed for the safe passage of salt mine trucks located in the western part of this salt field. The salt lake has a triangular shape with its apex facing north. Its base is about 65 km and the height of this triangle is 60 km. The land of this lake is covered with salt deposits that have been formed due to the accumulation of floods and surface water over the centuries. The salt depth of this lake varies between 5 to 54 meters, which are separated by layers of clay and float on a large volume of saline groundwater. With each rain and evaporation of water in this lake, the available salts form beautiful plots in the form of polygons, which are not without grace to see the scenery. After entering the salt lake, a low mountain appears in the northeastern view, which is completely surrounded by the white crust of salt. This island, known as Wandering, is free of any vegetation. Regarding the reasons for building a fort and caravanserai (known as Marnjab) next to the salt lake, it is said that Shah Abbas, despite building numerous caravanserais and forts throughout the country, had not built defense facilities in this area, because until then the enemies because of the lake. The salt and expanse of the desert had not invaded the capital from this side. The Uzbek and Afghan invasion of Kashan via the Salt Lake, which extended as far as Isfahan, prompted Shah Abbas to quickly establish a military base in the region in 1012 A.D. and prevent threats. The top of the caravanserai is in the form of watchtowers and it is mentioned that 500 armed guards were always present in the fort and ensured the passage of goods from China to Europe and vice versa in this area. At a distance of 4 km east of the caravanserai, there is a fresh water well, which is known as Dastkan well. The presence of fresh water in this well is due to the presence of huge sand filters that purify ground brines and provide relatively refreshing water with a low percentage of salt. The best time to travel is spring and autumn

Lar plain

Access roads: Lar plain is accessible from 5 routes: 1- Haraz and Plour road (the best route) enter Haraz road from Babaei highway. Cross the river and Bumhan. Leave the neck of Imamzadeh Hashem behind. After a while, you will see Damavand. It takes about 10 minutes to drive to Pleur. Look for the golden statue of the climber on your left. Take the side path that the sculpture shows with your hand. Continue the side road without turning left and right until after about a quarter of an hour you reach the environment of Lar Dam 2- The route of Ghuch Khani Pass: Cross the river and after Ardineh village and drive on a dirt road for half an hour to reach Lar Plain. The good thing about this route is that after arriving, you are right in the middle of the plain. 3- Garmabdar route: Go to Fasham and Garmabdar village by car. From Bani environment to Khatoon Bargah pass, either walk or by nomadic car. After a short walk, you will reach the spring of Dobrar. 4- Afjeh route: You have to climb this route. This route is an old Malraux route that passes through Afjeh village. 5- Impassable route of Imameh village: This route is used by local pastoralists. Lar plain, which has long been renamed Lar National Park, is a pristine and anemone plain. This Shaghayegh plain is not very far from Tehran (70 km) and as you can see in the map below, it is located right next to Lavasan. There is no residential area in the Lar plain, but it is a place for nomads to travel and spend the summer. Due to its rich wildlife, Lar plain was renamed Lar National Park in 1954 and became a protected area in 1961. Hunting has been banned from June 6 to September 6, 1970. Lar plain from the north to the mountains of Noor city of Mazandaran from the east and northeast to Damavand mountain, from the southeast to Ira, Damavand city and Pleur Mazandaran from the south to Afjeh And Imam and Lavasan are large and have been stretched from the west to Khatoon Bargah and Garmabdar. The title of Lar Plain became the Lar National Park in 1954. The area of ​​Lar is about 733500 hectares. Lar Mountain in the eastern neighborhood of this plain is part of the Central Alborz Heights. The northern ridge, after the formation of Kaho Pass (Sefid Ab) in the north of Garmabdar village, branches from Rudbar Ghasran functions to two northwestern and southeastern ridges. Creates Damavand. Its southeastern part, along the Lar plain, forms the famous Haftsaran peak. The southern part of these mountains, which is the main ridge, extends to the south of Lar plain and after forming the peaks of Mehrchal, Atashkadeh, Rizan, Siahchal and Maz in the northeast direction, it is connected to Khansak and Shadkuh mountains. The Lar River joins Haraz after Sedlar in Pleur. Part of the water of Lar Dam is sent to Tehran through the water tunnel on Kalan. If you are a mountaineer, Lar plain is right for you. This area is surrounded by mountains that are guarded like guards; Mountains such as: Damavand Mountain, Div Asyab Mountain, Yakh Kamar Mountain, Gol Zard Mountain, Panhak Mountain, Zarshki Mountain, Kamardasht Mountain, Salt Chal Mountain, Siahchal Mountain, Aro Bararo Mountain, Kalk Horse Mountain, Kafar Rah Mountain, Kaboud Mountain. Lar river, Div Asyab river, Sefid Ab river, Vararood river, Alram river, Chehel Bareh, Imam Panhak water, Siahchal water are flowing in this area Lar plain is full of animal species. The most important of these animals is perhaps the red spotted salmon, which is found both in the river and in the Lar Dam. Lar red spotted trout is one of the rarest aquatic species. The animals of this plain The red spotted trout is a native of Canada, which was transferred to this plain for breeding during the Pahlavi period. Alborzi viper, Damavandi viper, Bazmjeh, lizard, fox, wolf, brown bear, leopard, boar, whole and goat, ram and sheep, deer, rat, frog, turtle, wasp, king, eagle, partridge, partridge, bat are. Except for trout, the Lar plain is full of a variety of bird species. So that one hundred species of birds can be found in this national park. One of the most important species of birds in the Lar plain is the golden eagle, which lives only in this area in Iran. Nomadic life is another interesting sight in Lar plain. The nomads of Dasht-e Lar are from the cities of Varamin and Pishva in Tehran province and Dasht-e Lar is their summer summer. White waterfall of Lar plain is one of the sights of Lar plain. This waterfall has a car path through Ira village; A good place to spend a family vacation. The best time to visit and travel to Lar plain is from June 6 to September 6 of each year. Because at other times of the year, due to the birth of animals, the passage of motor vehicles is prohibited. Of course, if you do not have a problem with walking, to enter the plain at other times of the year, you must park your vehicle in Bani environment and walk to the plain. It is two kilometers from Bani environment to Lar dam. 5 km to Dalichai river and 10 km to Sefid Ab river. From Sefid Ab, 20 km on foot, you will reach the recreational post at the end of the dam. Consider that there is no mobile antenna in the Lar plain. If you go here in the summer, remember that there is no shadow. So a brimmed hat and sunscreen will definitely work for you. There is no drinking water in the plain. Be sure to bring water with you. Night stopping is not recommended due to the presence of venomous snakes. In any case, proper coverage of the foot area is essential.


Tandoora National Park

Access roads: North entrance: Dargaz city – from Nokhandan to Babanestan shrine with a length of 12 km – Southern entrance: Incheh Kikanlu village to Shakar Ab checkpoint with a length of 10 km – Eastern entrance: from Dargaz to Chehelmir checkpoint with a length of 30 km Tandoore National Park It is one of the widest protected areas of our country, located in the north of Khorasan Razavi and in Dargaz city. Tandoora National Park, which was once a recreation and recreation place for the people of Dargaz and Quchan, enjoys the most beautiful and deepest deep and steep valleys and hills, and is one of the best habitats for wildlife, especially Persian leopards, rams and Urial ewes. Be in this area early in the morning or in the evening. You can see the whole herds and goats grazing. More precisely, we must say that this park is located in the catchment area of ​​Kashfarud and Harirod. The geographical location of this park has made it possible for wildlife to easily survive among its valleys and hills. This park is located on the one hand on the heights of Kopeh Dagh and on the other hand, it is located next to the low plain of Dargaz and Qaraqoom desert, which is a reason for the climatic diversity of this park; Tourists in the southern parts of the park see cold and humid weather, while if they go to the northern parts of the park, they see warm weather. The highest point of the park in the southern part has a height of 2586 meters and its lowest point It is also located in the northern part, which is 884 meters. This park is created from a large number of high and connected mountains and does not have a specific mountain range. Of the 7 species of Persian cats present, there are 5 species in this region, which include forest cat, Eurasian lynx, Persian leopard, palace cat and plain cat. Other animals seen in different parts of Tandoora National Park include goats, whole, wild goats, red foxes, tailless rabbits, rams and ewes, boars, wolves, otters, wild sheep, jackals, rhododendrons The hyena and the squirrel pointed. The reptiles that live in this park include 6 species of lizards and turtles, 4 species of semi-venomous snakes, 9 species of non-venomous snakes and 5 species of venomous snakes. There are other reptiles in the area that are in danger of extinction; White-winged pheasants, snakeskin, homa and slab are in this category. As you know, birds prefer the lowlands or around the springs and the edge of the park to survive. In this beautiful park, you can also see countless species of birds such as: plain eagle, red-breasted eagle, hooded, blind, owl, tall osprey, farm yellow eagle, royal eagle, black tokay, pheasant, partridge, tihu, golden eagle, elikai, Vulture, Crow, Lil, Homa, Crow, Cocker, Well Pigeon, Common Quail, Baluchi Nightingale, Hagh Chicken, Starling, Crow, Mountain Eater, Yakrim, Lunar, Common Eagle, Cess, Common Bee Eater See Ablaq, Too Chkavk, Heavenly Chkavk, Horned Chkavk, Dalijah, Red-tailed Eye Stone and Khaki Pept. This area can be called a paradise of medicinal plants, so that most of the research and studies in the field of plant species are done in this place. The presence of trees and shrubs in different parts of the park has also softened the air. To date, about 400 species of plants have been identified in this place, a significant part of which are medicinal plants. A significant part of the water resources of this park is provided by 31 springs and 8 wells. The most important springs in this region are: Charalagh, Qara Luke, Rafsu, Chehlmir, Adaneh, Bash Tappeh, Rajabeh, Madkhan, Bid, Tandooreh, Adaneh and Toghi, which have the highest amount of water in Charalagh and Chehel Mir springs. are. The best time to travel is the non-cold seasons of the year, especially spring