Iranian Ethnic Costumes
Familiarity with different types of Iranian ethnic clothing
Iran is one of the most important tourist destinations in the Middle East, which is among the 19 countries registered in UNESCO. The people of Iran have different cultures and beauty, each with its own language and customs.
Iran is a country where the diversity of the climate and the presence of different ethnic groups such as Turks, Kurds, Lors, Persians, Arabs and many others have made it an attractive destination for travel. The diversity of Iran’s climate has also affected the clothes of the people of this land. The different ethnic groups that exist in Iran have their own type of clothing according to the culture and climate of their surroundings. Although the clothing of different ethnic groups each has its own characteristics, but they all have one thing in common, the artistic and delicate use of different and cheerful colors that has given a special effect and beauty to clothing, especially women’s clothing of each nation. Local costumes are clothes worn by the natives of an area. This dress is usually taken from the customs of each region and according to the resources available in that region. Due to its long history and rich past, Iran is one of the countries where unique ethnicity and culture can be seen everywhere. The gathering of ethnic groups in Iran is a sign of national unity and unity of all ethnic groups. Traditional clothing is now a part of tourist attractions and encourages interested people to start a cultural journey.
Azeri local clothes
The land of Azerbaijan has been the cradle of culture, art and beauty since ancient times. The Azeri-speaking provinces host many tourists and travelers every year and are famous for their pleasant climate and ancient culture. Clothing in Azeri culture has been a symbol of the culture and art of this land for centuries. In recent years, the use of local clothes in the daily lives of city dwellers has become less important, but it still retains its color and smell in various ceremonies and rituals. Especially the villagers and nomads continue to appear in the same clothes of their ancestors, which is a sign of courage and bravery.
The original Azerbaijani costume reflects the marital status and age in which the Azerbaijani dance is performed in the Azerbaijani costume. From the twentieth century onwards, Azerbaijani clothing has lost its use in cities and has taken on a state of modernity; But generally in nomadic and rural areas and areas inhabited by Azerbaijanis, it has retained its function as before.
Women’s clothing has all the features of a complete cover. The younger ones wore clothes in cheerful colors, with beautiful embroideries and patterns, as well as cashmere and silk. The women of this region wore a hat called “Burke”. Older women often wore a headscarf called a yayliq. The men of this land, by wearing long coats and putting a woolen hat on their heads, along with simplicity in covering, express their high originality.
Turkmens are a tribe that encourages tourists interested in Turkmen regions to visit this people and the type of clothing they wear. The oldest Turkmen clothing was made of silk, but other fabrics such as leather, linen, and cotton are also found in the clothing of this people. Men’s clothing consists of tunics, pants, shoes and hats. The tunic or long robe, which is called don (qizil don or long red robe is one of the signs of Turkmen clothing), sometimes this don was embroidered with a ribbon for more beauty. They tied a shawl on this don, which is called shawl tirma. It was sometimes worn as a coat, called a chakman. Quink is a simple, collarless shirt worn by Turkmen men under the don. Embroidered sleeves to make Quinx more attractive. Turkmen men’s trousers, which they call balaq, are loose and are sometimes accompanied by tassel-like embellishments. Hats are another feature of Turkmen men’s clothing. It is generally thought that Turkmen men’s hats are just leather hats with long hair. But it must be said that the same hat, which is known as Tlepak, has different types; In addition, men also use sweatshirts. Shoes are another element of men’s clothing. Turkmens wear long leather boots instead of regular shoes. Women’s clothing, like men’s clothing, consists of tunics, pants, shoes, and hats, but scarves and jewelry are other features of women’s clothing. Turkmen women’s tunics are made of silk and are usually red. One of the features of this dress of Iranian tribes and tunics is the needlework of the sleeves and the collar. Turkmen women’s trousers were also embroidered, which showed the elegance of women. Women’s hats were usually Kurdish and without embossments, and were adorned with sequins and cloaks. Scarves were not very popular among the Turkmen people and the use of hats was more common. Turkmen women’s shoes are the work of local artists who sewed different types of them.
Khorasan local clothes
Khorasan province due to its large size, as well as due to the mixing of different Iranian ethnic groups in this province, there is a great variety in its local clothing and clothing. You can find Turkmen, Kermanj, Torbat-e Jam and many others in this province, whose clothes are similar to their original tribes in other parts of Iran. For example, the Kurdish tribes of Khorasan have very similar clothes to the other Kurdish tribes of the country. The local clothes of the people of North Khorasan have a remarkable variety of colors and designs, in addition to being an Islamic and perfect garment for men and women, because they are mostly taken from beauties. Nature and happy colors are spring, it also calms the minds of users. Kermanj women and girls’ clothing in this province often includes five parts: Yashar or often (Charqad), cross (blouse), Shilvar (skirt), vest and shaliteh. Kermanj men’s clothes include Chinese sweat, which is lav, lachg, etc., which, like women’s clothing, has happy colors and is taken from nature. Although such clothing can hardly be seen in the cities of this province, but there are families for whom clothing is still of former importance, so if you pass through this region of Iran, you will not have a hard time finding such clothing in this region.
The Turkmens of Maneh and Samolghan are also part of North Khorasan, but they are perhaps one of the few Iranian ethnic groups who still wear the same uniform. The clothing of the Turkmen men and women of North Khorasan is made of silk and wool, and mostly includes Chavak, Kolte, Chelpi, and Yelk.
Chawk is a dress similar to today’s manteaux, which is made of red silk and has a needle embroidered under the fabric on the edges and sleeves. Chelpi is the most beautiful Turkmen embroidered dress made of silk, which is worn by the bride in the wedding ceremony with a special variety and elegance. Yilk is the only dress that is decorated with ornaments and coins and is worn on the head and its material is silk. “Don” is the name of the local dress of Turkmen men, which is made of dark red silk with black stripes, and its type of needlework is embroidered braid, which is sewn with a width of two centimeters and in black and red color on the sides and sleeves of the dress.
The Reds are a hospitable and kind people, it is enough to travel to one of the Kurdish cities to see and experience the hospitality of this people. The hospitality and kindness of this people is also reflected in their clothes. Whatever you imagine as part of a cover, you
will find it in Kurdish cover. The dress of the Kurdish people is full of energy and
joy. Since the Kurds are scattered in different regions, their coverage is also very diverse. But in general, it can be said that both Kurdish men and women wear loose pants, which we know as Kurdish pants, and tie a wide shawl around their waists. One of the characteristics of Kurdish clothing is its color. You will rarely find dark colors in Kurdish clothes. Another feature of Kurdish clothing
is women’s clothing, which is hung
with jewelry and coins as ornaments on their clothing, especially their scarves. The traditional Kurdish shoes are also in a way that one feels comfortable in them. Kurdish shoes are called klash. If you are interested in Kurdish clothes, you can travel to Kurdish areas, wear the beautiful and colorful clothes of these people and take beautiful photos.
Washak Baloch, especially in Sistan and Baluchestan, has been affected by the type of coverage of these two countries due to its border with Pakistan and Afghanistan. A feature of Baloch men’s clothing is a long shirt with loose trousers, which is completed by wearing a turban. Women’s clothing is also a loose and comfortable clothing in terms of their activity. Baloch women’s shirts are usually knee-length and tasteful women wear their shirts with their pants. The use of various colors in clothes is another feature of Baloch clothing.
Other tribes that should travel to their cities and see their traditional clothing are the Lors. Lor men’s clothing is generally in dark brown and gray colors. One of the characteristics of Lor men’s clothes is their simplicity and low design. Jackets and vests that men wear are usually loose and comfortable for men. The use of hats has sometimes been seen in men’s clothing. Lor women’s clothing is such that it completely covers their head and neck. A feature of women’s clothing is the use of short-sleeved vests, most of which, unlike men’s clothing, are cheerful and bright colors.
The lush northern region always welcomes domestic and foreign tourists who travel to this pleasant region. The clothes of the Gilaki people, like their living environment, amaze the eyes of every viewer. The clothes of the Gilak people are a symphony of colors and bring with them energy and vitality. In addition to eye-catching colors, this dress also has a long history. The Gilaki costume is 4,000 years old. As we have said, the combination of many colors is one of the characteristics of Gilaki clothes. Gilak women wear long skirts that are up to the ground. The design of these
slopes is u
sually horizontal stripes, each of which has a different color. These long skirts are worn with a simple shirt and colorful vests. White and tassel scarves are another feature of Gilak women’s clothing. A different feature of Gilaki men’s clothing is the belts they wear around their waists. The material of these waists is cotton. In addition, the use of hats is also common among Gilaki men. Men’s hats are cylindrical in shape and are worn according to different conditions and occasions.
Even if you have seen many traditional and local clothes, you will see less like Bakhtiari clothing. The coverage of the Bakhtiari people is such that it adapts to different climatic conditions.
Bakhtiari men wear long shirts with baggy pants, which are fastened at the ankles. The use of round hats, which are often dark in color, is also common among men. Bakhtiari women wear multi-layered and colorful skirts that match their vests and give a special effect to Bakhtiari women’s clothing. Long shawls and scarves are also adorned with the elegance and art of women’s hands.
Upon hearing the Qashqai name, the Qashqai men’s hat model immediately comes to mind. Even if you have traveled all over the world, you will not find a similar model of hat. Qashqai men’s hats have a round shape. The hats are made of sheep wool and hair and are light brown in color.
The Qashqai women’s clothing consists of pleated skirts, long, light-colored shirts, and long scarves that are fastened with buttons under the chin. This type of cover attracts many tourists today.
The clothing of the Iranian and southern tribes is characterized by the niqab of women and their brightly colored tents and flowers. There are two types of women’s masks: the first model of masks thickens the eyebrows and is designed with a mustache and covers women’s eyebrows, and the second type of masks covers the whole face and only two eyes can be seen from it.
The advantage of these masks is the protection of the face against wind and strong sunlight in these areas. By traveling to the southern regions of the country, you can still see this type of cover and mask in the back alleys.
Mazandaran men wear long-sleeved cotton shirts with hunting pants, socks and shoes. Fleece hats are also used by Mazandaran men. Mazandaran women’s clothing, however, is much more attractive for tourists and travelers who travel to this region. The skirt of Mazandaran women is much shorter than other tribes. The puffiness of these domains is also higher.
Iranian women’s clothing and clothing of Iranian ethnic groups in terms of diversity and color, more attention is paid to men’s clothing. Although it may seem that the traditional clothing of the tribes is declining and obsolete, but it is enough to have a trip to different areas to see the original presence of these clothing. Fortunately, today fashion designers are inspired by these traditional and local clothes, and today we see clothes that, while being up-to-date, also have a long-standing originality. Clothes that are the desire of the old and modern youth of this land and are also compatible with the gentle spirit of women Shiraz local clothes; Beautiful and special
The local clothes of Fars province are one of the most beautiful cultural attractions throughout Iran. An example of local and traditional clothes of the people of Fars province is the clothes of nomads. Clothes that may have the capacity to promote Iranian tourism as a famous brand. Nomadic costumes can still be found among the photos and images of foreign tourists in Iran, and this shows how effective the costumes can be in reflecting and reflecting Iranian culture.
Kermanji folk clothes
Traditional costumes of Kermanj and Turkmen women of North Khorasan are one of the original Iranian costumes, the pattern of which draws the eyes to the party of nature, and each role is a symbol that has a long history.
Women and girls of Kermanj and Turkmen of this land They have preserved the history of their original cover, which seems to be their identity, and passed it on to the next generation as a precious heritage. Cheerful colors and various patterns used in local clothes, in addition to aesthetic aspects, bring peace of mind to the person.
Abyaneh local clothes; A gift away from the black
In a beautiful place like Abyaneh, you expect to see happy and colorful clothes. You will not be disappointed, because people’s clothes are full of colors and designs. In fact, the traditional costume of Abyaneh has been nationally registered due to its unique features and is among the most beautiful traditional costumes of Iran. The women of this spectacular village never wear black and do not take away the flowery scarves. The white background carpets, covered with colorful flowers, distinguish the traditional clothing of Abyaneh from other cities. They tie a knot on the headband and wear a red sweatshirt underneath. At weddings, sweatshirts are decorated with silver to make it look more magnificent.
Hamedan local clothes; The land of science and culture
The clothes of the people of Hamedan, from the cap to the shoes, are not much different between men and women. The weaving of fabrics and shoes, especially giwa, before the arrival of foreign goods or its factory is common in the villages and hamlets of this province. It goes without saying that Malayer’s ghosts, which are called “Ajideh”, are very famous in this region.
Qazvin local clothes; Colorful and beautiful
Hat plays an essential role in covering the people of Qazvin. This can still be seen with the naked eye. Hat is one of the class distinctions of Qazvini men. The use of hats has been very common among men in the past and each person has used a special hat according to their job and economic conditions. Shirts in this area are usually white and plain. After that, shirts with long collars became known as Kazakh collars, and after that, the mullah collar replaced it.
Qeshm local clothes; Diversity and creativity
Shiny fabrics and long shirts of Qeshm women also make it one of the most beautiful local Iranian clothes. Of course, there is another very significant feature in the clothes of women in the south of Qeshm and Bandar Abbas, and it is nothing but masks that cover their faces. Of course, no one uses these masks these days, but in the past, these masks, which from afar seem to create a thick mustache and eyebrows on their owners’ faces, have been used to mislead enemies and dangerous people. That is, by wearing these masks, women hid their femininity and it was not clear who was behind the mask.