Introduction of Sistan and Baluchestan
Sistan and Baluchestan province with an area of about one hundred eighty seven thousand square kilometers, is located in southeastern Iran. This vast province on the east side shares a border with Pakistan 900 km and Afghanistan 300 km; on the south with the Oman Sea, approximately 270 km of water border, and on the north and northwest with Khorasan Province, 190 km in length. West is 580 km long with Kerman province and 165 km long with Hormozgan province.
The province’s long water and land borders with Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Gulf states have given it a special status and created special conditions. Diversity and religious diversity, different dialects and the expression of tribal and ethnic affiliations are other social features of the province.
Sistan and Baluchistan is one of the historical parts of Iran. This part of the development, which is one of the most deprived areas of Iran, has lesser-known sights and sites. It is located on the coast of the Oman Sea and the Indian Ocean and its harbor has the capability of seaworthy vessels. It is one of the free trade zones of Iran. Chabahar is the warmest part of the country in winter and the coolest port in southern Iran in summer. In this spring city you will find many natural attractions and you will surely be amazed.
Climate of Sistan and Baluchestan
In geological studies, the eastern part of Iran is usually considered as an independent unit. The area was separated from the sea at the end of the Third Geological Period by marine movements, where marine-type calcareous sediments were deposited, followed by sediments of relatively coarse and soft material.
The southern part of the province (Makran) is one of the gradually declining areas due to the high thickness of Tertiary sandy clay sediments reaching a depth of more than one kilometer. As a result, the Indian Ocean crust dips beneath the area with a steep slope, which is one of the reasons for the abundance of volcanoes and mineral springs in the area.
The highlands of Sistan and Baluchestan province belong to Tertiary and Secondary Geology and its rocks are often calcareous and gypsum. According to geologists, some of the mountains in the province (such as the Taftan volcano) belong to the late Tertiary and early Tertiary. The Sistan and Baluchestan highlands are part of the central mountains of Iran and include rugged eastern lute pits and eastern and southern wall elevations of the Jazmurian pits.
These altitudes are not continuous everywhere, so that the basins have emerged at intervals of these altitudes. The width of the mountains increases from north to south and reaches its maximum in Iranshahr-Kuhak distance. These disturbances include the mountains of Sistan and Baluchistan. In summer, relative humidity declines, but the Baluchistan west coast has relatively high humidity due to proximity to the Indian Ocean.
The city of Zahedan with an area of 31,250 square kilometers is equivalent to 17% of the area of the province. The city of Zahedan is bounded to the north by the city of Hamoon and the Lut Desert to the east by Pakistan, to the west by the province of Kerman and to the south by the city of Khash. The current population of Zahedan is 672,589. Due to the ethnic groups living here, most of the inhabitants of this city are of Aryan origin and speak Persian, Baluchi, Sistani, Kistani, Kermani, Yazdi and Khorasani languages and dialects. The distance between Zahedan and Tehran is 1494 km and it is 1385 meters above sea level. Zahedan’s weather is hot and dry, and the weather is very hot on summer days and the temperature drops considerably at night. The 120-day winds from Sistan indirectly affect the temperature drop in Zahedan. It rarely snows in town.
Transportation of Sistan and Baluchestan
If you are interested in air travel and this type of travel is easier for you, you can choose Zahedan International Airport to travel to Sistan and Baluchistan. Zahedan Airport, as the eighth international airport in the country and having a special position in the east of the country, is of great importance for the transport and development of Sistan and Baluchistan. There are daily flights from Tehran, Mashhad, Chabahar and Shiraz to Zahedan International Airport.
Konarak Airport in Chabahar is a small airport of the same name which is very close to Chabahar port due to its frequent flights. The airport is 30 km from Chabahar port. There are flights from Bandar Abbas, Tehran, Zahedan and Mashhad to this airport.
Zabol Airport is a domestic airport located in the city of Zabol in Sistan and Baluchestan province. Tehran, Iranshahr and Mashhad airports fly to Zabol Airport.
If you are interested in traveling by train you should follow the rail routes to Sistan and Baluchistan. Zahedan Railway is nearly a century old and is one of the oldest rail lines built in the country. Traveling by train to Zahedan is also more economical than some of the safest means of travel.
Travel by personal car
Using your own car also has its benefits, if you are traveling to Sistan and Baluchistan by car you should know that the province runs from north to south khorasan and Afghanistan, from east to Pakistan and Afghanistan, from south to Pakistan. The Oman Sea and the Maghreb are confined to the provinces of Kerman and Hormozgan. Depending on where you are, you can reach the nearest road to this province.
Traveling by Bus
Bus travel is one of the easiest and cheapest ways to travel. That is why many people tend to buy bus tickets. From many terminals of different cities such as Tehran, Isfahan, Hashtrood, Zabol, Yazd, Mashhad, Mashhad, Torbat-e Jam, Bojnourd, Birjand, Shiraz, Kerman, Iranshahr, Bandar Abbas, Gorgan, Gonbadkavus, Aq Qala, Azadshahr, Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan.
Attractions of Sistan and Baluchistan
In Sistan and Baluchestan province, the tourist and historical attractions are hard to come by in one place, but given the proximity to the New Year holidays, if you haven’t yet chosen the right option for your New Year’s Eve holiday pictures A number of tourist sites and attractions in Sistan and Baluchistan are collected and introduced to facilitate the selection of Nowruz travelers.
Forage is one of the most amazing phenomena in Sistan and Baluchistan. The area’s three mudflats are in the Kahir Plain, two of which are hills and the other volcanic.
Locals call this type of seafood or bolobolo. While shooting, the sounds of gunshots are heard. The height of Chabahar or narrow volcano mudflats is about 20 meters and its crater diameter is 12 meters. Some flowerpots also emit flowers from their slopes, but the narrow flowerpot only does so from its crater.
An ancient city of 5,000 years
The burnt city of Sistan and Baluchistan dates back to 3200 BC.
Rocky beach (big sea)
On this beach, the phenomenon of volcanoes can be seen. The waves reach 15 meters in August and coincide with the monsoon winds.
The village of Tis was at least 2,300 years old during the Achaemenid era, one of the major ports of Iran in the Makran Sea. The village is located in Sistan and Baluchestan province and is located in a foothill area in northwest Chabahar. Photograph of the Jinn Cemetery.
In the village of Tis, gypsy mausoleums, believed by locals to be the dwelling place of the fairies, are the “Peacock” and “Messitian Caves” and its exotic paintings. The ancient wells of Tis Kopan and the mysterious tombs of “Institutional Hill” are other attractions in the area.
At the foot of the Shahbazabad Mountains, about 25 meters above the ground, there are two artificial caves and a natural cave next to these three caves, which the natives call Ban Masiti.
Chabahar has a hot spring climate. Even in winter it is possible to cultivate all kinds of crops.
sistan city tour
One-day leisure tour of Tamin
This village is one of the most unique areas in Taftan city and is one of the villages targeted for tourism.
Ladiz village is located in Mirjavah city. This village is located in the shelter of Taftan Mountain and is like a paradise that has remained unknown until now.