The land of the four seasons of Iran calls you …

Iran, the land of four seasons



Iran has a unique and remarkable ecosystem and climatic conditions in the world, which is known as a special tourist destination as well as a source of scientific and geographical studies. Iran has all five environmental ecosystems. Including the beach, mountains, forests, plains and deserts that are found in or around the interior of Iran. Desert ecosystems can not be found in a large area of ​​Europe that is green and rich in vegetation and leads to a decrease in the diversity of living things and plants, but due to the diversity of ecosystems, Iran has different types of plants and animals. Existence of high mountains in the north, west and center, desert-like areas in the center, east and southwest, plains in different areas of the center, northwest, east and south, forests in the north and west and proximity to the sea in our north and south Leads to find all the major ecosystems of the world.

But what makes Iran a land with four seasons is the type and combination of ecosystems. Desert and quasi-desert areas appear to be at odds with mountain ecosystems. Iran is a remarkable and attractive combination of these two ecosystems in which desert and mountainous regions are connected. Surprisingly, Iran is also at the crossroads of these two opposing ecosystems in the world, so that an artistic, interesting and unique combination of two different but neighboring ecosystems can be seen in a small area, which It is an interesting example of habitat diversity.

Iran is an arid region located in the subtropical and desert regions of the world, where mountains, like the poly-mountains of western Europe, connect to the high peaks of the Himalayas in Asia. Therefore, most of the mountains of Iran are dry and some are covered with forests called dry forests, except for the mountains in the northern region of Iran which are covered with Hyrcanian forests. Iran has become a unique and impressive complex and a combination of different climates and ecosystems and is known as the “land of four seasons”.


The main feature of Iran is “diversity”, because many ecosystems can be found in different parts of Iran, such as forest ecosystems, which are three different types: 1. Wet forests, Hyrcanian forests in the north (Hyrcanian forests such as A narrow strip of 80 km with a maximum width of 70 km (in central Mazandaran) and at least 13 km (in western Mazandaran) is spread in the provinces of Gilan, Mazandaran and Golestan.These forests are part of the vegetation of Hyrkani, one of the five vegetation areas in Iran includes Iran-Turani, Nobo-Sindian, Zagrosian and Arasbaranian (this region has more moisture than other vegetation regions of Iran), 2- Dry forests, Zagros mountain range in the west, and 3. Mangrove or mangrove forests, On the south coast of Iran. And another is the plain ecosystem in the mountains and deserts and between the seas with diverse habitats. As a result, biodiversity and species are seen in Iran. The four seasons feature in Iran paves the way for experiencing winter tourism in one place and summer tourism in another at the same time.

Iran is a land of four seasons. This adjective has always been true for this land, and it is unfair to think of it as propaganda and tourism slogans that only encourage people to explore that country and land.

Four seasons in the sense that at any time of the year you can travel to one of the cities of Iran to witness a different climate and as if you are in your favorite season. In winter, there are cities in Iran that have a summer climate, spring lands and places with the color and smell of autumn. This story is true at any time of any of the seasons in this land, but there are also towns and villages that, despite their small area, have a four-season climate on their own! Do not do the exclamation mark of the previous sentence, because there are such cities and villages.

The diversity of climate and foothill nature of the Zagros is one of the reasons why most of the cities in this region have a four-season climate, for example, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces have such characteristics. So that at a distance of less than 10 km, you can enter the cold, snow-covered tropical region from the lush tropical region.

Existence of more than 500 springs with pristine promenades, dozens of beautiful waterfalls, roaring rivers with beautiful tourist effects, natural lakes, forest cover of lush oak trees and the fragrant scent of mountain shrubs, are other manifestations of the magical and dreamy northern nature in this region. Or the village of Aynehvarzan, which is located 70 km from Firoozkooh Road in Tehran. This village, which is divided into two parts, top ten and bottom ten, offers you two completely different spaces for walking and having fun. Downstream plain with lush fruit trees and mountains upstream whose waterfall and Strait of Mirrors have multiplied its beauty.

Iran is full of beauties. Look at every corner of this vast country, it has its own beauty. It is true to say that Iran is a country of four seasons.

It is not difficult to find such areas in Iran, such a region and city can be found by looking at the map, research and a little inquiry, because Iran has always been a land of four seasons.

A trip to the land of the four seasons of Iran

  •  A dream city with novel attractions

The city of Khalkhal is located in the southeast of Ardabil province, which has a dreamy and lush nature, and all these beauties are displayed as a painting.

Khalkhal city is located in the southeast of Ardabil province, which has a dreamy and green nature. The pristine and unique landscapes of Talesh forests, pastures and villages of this city attract many domestic and foreign tourists every year in spring and summer.

Khalkhal city is a mountainous region, the Talesh mountain range stretches from east to south in the east, which is like a dam between the Caspian Sea and the province of Gilan and Azerbaijan. So that unlike the eastern slopes in the western slopes in the Khalkhal region to reduce rainfall and drought is not seen dense and significant vegetation.

In this city, the important river Ghezel Ozan and its tributaries such as Shahroud Arpachay and Shengabad flow to the south and finally flow into the Caspian Sea.

In terms of climate, this region has mild summers and cold winters. In terms of geographical location and mountainous conditions, this region has the most interesting sources of hot mineral water, the most important of which is Khalkhal Sui hot mineral water with the local name “Istisso” in Sanjad. It is located between Givi, Khalkhal and Abgarm “Til” in Shahroud.

Khalkhal natural attractions, from the manifestations of the land of four seasons at a glance

Asalem-Khalkhal tourist road, a lush and dreamy winding path, with pristine and untouched nature, dense forests, rural life, pure honey, legendary waterfalls and lakes, vast plains and rare flowers and plants, connect Ardabil and Gilan provinces. .


Lake Nevar, 48 km southeast of Ardabil towards Khalkhal, one of the natural and exceptional attractions of this region, consists of two small and large lakes that join in spring to form a single lake with a depth of five meters.

Male Gardar waterfall is located in Esbo village, 30 km northeast of Khalkhal in Ardabil province. The beautiful Narregar waterfall is located at an altitude of 1,900 meters above sea level, where the presence of dense walnut trees can be clearly seen in this area and greatly enhances the natural beauty of this area.

Beautiful meadows and pastures, with colorful herds around this waterfall have given unique attractions to this area. After passing through the village and on a route of about 2 km on foot, Narehgar waterfall appears from the side of the mountain and the nested rocks. It is interesting to know that the water source of this waterfall is supplied from winter snow rained on the mountain on which the waterfall flows.

Aq Dagh peak, with a height of 3,303 meters, is known as the second highest peak in Ardabil province. The slopes of this mountain are surrounded by beautiful car flowers, plants such as basil and thyme, and from the top you can see unique views. At an altitude of 21,000 meters, the mountain is a spring that has refreshing water, and locals believe that its water causes rapid digestion of food and is beneficial for the health of the gastrointestinal tract.

Aznav region includes Aznav mountain, Aznav spring and charming gardens, which Aznav beautiful spring has created untouched and amazing areas in this area.

There are five large and small natural caves in the limestone structures of Aznav tourist area, which has added to its charms. This region also annually receives millions of domestic and foreign tourists in different parts of the mountains, springs and rocks.

Alvarez ski slope is located 12 km from Alvarez village and 24 km from Sarein. Since it is located at an altitude of 3200 meters above sea level, it is full of snow during autumn and winter and is used for about six to eight months of the year. . Melting ice and snow of Sabalan slopes in spring and summer creates spectacular vegetation with marshmallow flowers, dense species and red tulips, anemones and other wildflowers.

 Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad

In the vast area of ​​Iran, there are still many areas whose beauties and attractions are not well known and have been overlooked, and its effects have not yet been introduced to tourists, travelers and domestic and foreign guests.

Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad region is one of the beautiful provinces of the country which is known as the land of four seasons. This province is bordered by Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province from the north, Isfahan province from the northeast, Fars province from the east, Khuzestan province from the west and The south is adjacent to Bushehr province. Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Diar provinces are towering mountains and pristine nature.

The beautiful and spectacular landscapes of this land evoke a beautiful sense of magic for travelers, guests and domestic and foreign tourists, and depict the north in the south of Iran.


There are 500 drinking and mineral springs, 20 large and small rivers, more than 40 permanent and seasonal waterfalls and dozens of forest parks, natural lakes, large and small dams, vast plains, impressive forests, protected areas with many species of animals, caves. And blossoms, beautiful gardens, towering mountains with lush slopes, as well as the aroma of plants in the plains and mountains are a small part of the attractions of this land.

Unique and unforgettable natural attractions such as “Kamardogh Waterfall”, Reisi Castle, Noor Mountain margin, Mughermon area, Tang Pirzal and Black Mountain margin in Kohgiluyeh city, “Belqis Charam spring” in Charam city, “Boram Alvan” in Liqak city, village ” Marin “, Kowsar Dam, Dashtak Dale tourist area and Khamin mountain protected area in Gachsaran,” Sheldon pass “and Rune river tourist area in Basht, Sisakht tourist city, Sisakht” Kuh Gol “area, Dena mountain, Ice cave (one of It is a few and unique caves that are located at the height of the northern wall of the Dena protected area and in the south of Khafr village) in Dena city, “Tang Tamradi” waterfall, “Karik” village, “Moor Zard Zeilai” lake and Tang-e-Ganjeh dam Shah Qasim and the forest park of Yasuj waterfall in Boyer-Ahmad city, along with historical attractions, can be among the memorable memories of a traveler and will remain in his mind forever.

Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province has special capabilities in the field of natural tourism (ecotourism) due to its natural, pristine and untouched beauties. The various faces of mountainous and cold nature of the northern basin of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province with the tropical nature of the southern basin have the characteristics of a region with four seasons. It has brought. In addition, the nomadic settlements of Boyerahmad, Bahmaei, Deshman Ziari, Taybi, Babouei and Charam regions in different climates of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces are valuable cultural and social assets that have special and unique attractions for tourists in this province.


Lorestan; The land of the four seasons of Iran

Lorestan province, the green and beautiful jewel of the Zagros, can perhaps be called the only land of pristine nature and paradise of the beautiful land of Iran and stood among the towering mountains of the Zagros as an irreplaceable scene of the beauties of this land in the beautiful spring.

In Khorramabad, Lorestan province is a beautiful land with a pleasant climate and surrounded by high and impassable mountains, which is located in the middle Zagros mountain range.

This province is limited from the north to Markazi and Hamedan provinces, from the east to Isfahan province, from the southeast to Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, from the south to Khuzestan province and from the west to Kermanshah and Ilam provinces and in this respect has a unique geography.


Oshtrankooh Sarafraz with 4,150 meters height is the highest point of Lorestan province and the lowest point is located in the southernmost point of the province and its height is 500 meters above sea level.

Lorestan, the land of the four seasons of Iran

Lorestan province has a diverse climate, this diversity is quite noticeable from north to south and from east to west. In winter, when it is snowing and blizzard in the north of Lorestan, the southern parts of Lorestan have a pleasant spring climate.

The western parts of the province, such as Sefid Kuh, have more rainfall than the eastern parts, namely Dorud and Aligudarz.

The diversity of climate that is observed in the cities of Lorestan is such that Khorramabad has winter moderation and summer heat, Boroujerd has winter cold and summer moderation and Aligudarz has a very cold climate in winter and temperate in summer, which has caused Is to call Lorestan the land of the four seasons of Iran.

According to experts, some causes of Lorestan climate diversity include the position of the Zagros Mountains in relation to the direction of humid westerly winds, relatively high altitude, compactness of the mountains, being located in the middle latitude and the effect of warm southern winds of Iran.

Lorestan also has many natural resorts in different cities of the province, including Takht-e-Shah resort, Shiraz resort, Makhmal mountain resort, Baba Abbas resort, Baba Abbas resort, Nojian resort and Chamshak Strait resort.


Lorestan, the land of unique waterfalls

Lorestan can also be called the land of unique, beautiful and magnificent waterfalls.

Waterfalls such as Shoor or Tele Zang waterfall, Bishe waterfall, Ab-e-Sefid waterfall, Nojian waterfall, Chakan waterfall, Sarkaneh waterfall, Wark waterfall and Afrineh waterfall are among Lorestan waterfalls, each of which has its own unique beauties.

The snow tunnel is one of the other natural attractions of Lorestan, which is another unique sign of the four seasons nature of this land.

The snow tunnel has been created naturally in the snow and ice of the beautiful and soaring slopes of Oshtrankooh. The length of this tunnel is over 800 meters and its height from the floor of the tunnel to the ceiling is between 2.5 to 3 meters. The coldness of this dreamy tunnel is somewhat The snow tunnel can only be visited in spring and summer.

Lorestan Lakes, a pure effect of turquoise drops of water like Gohar Lake (from melting snow of Oshtrankooh and its accumulation of water behind the dam or sealing that has emerged from the fall of the mountain): turquoise jewel of Oshtrankooh – and Lake Q. In Khorramabad and the permanent and sweet lakes “Gohar Bala” and “Gohar Pa’in” are other natural and pristine attractions of Lorestan province. Gohar Lake is like a water intake that is filled with springs, waterfalls and mirages of Oshtrankooh and its water in Summer and winter are constant and most of the surface of Gohar Lake freezes in winter.

A variety of shrubs, large willow trees, beautiful plants and flowers surround the lake as an amazing natural park.


Lorestan wetlands are the habitat of migratory birds and the birthplace of roaring springs

Wetlands that in addition to the unique beauty of these wetlands are safe and suitable habitat for a variety of birds, aquatic animals and native and migratory birds.

ر Lorestan, among other natural and ecotourism gifts in Lorestan is the existence of numerous springs and mirages in different cities of the province, so that these mirages and springs provide suitable conditions for attracting tourists inside the province and outside the province on holidays. .

Sarab Henam and Sarab Kahman in Selseleh city, Sarab Chegni, Kiev and Cheshmeh springs of Golestan and whirlpool of wealth in Khorramabad, Sarab Janizeh, Barberry, Sefid, Zarm, Kartol and Cheshmeh Vanai, Darreh Khoni, Haft Cheshmeh and Asl in Boroujerd and Ashtrinan, Sarab Ghartmandar and Gardkanak, Mahi Chal, Farsian, Gaikan, Sar Darreh and Rud Ab in Aligudarz, Sarab Cheshmeh and Rudak in Doroud and Cheshmeh Felpeli in Azna are among the unique attractions of the untouched nature of Lorestan.

Around some of these springs and mirages, Lorestan has a rare vegetation and has provided suitable conditions for attracting tourists during favorable seasons such as spring and summer.

 Sistan and Baluchestan Province

Sistan and Baluchestan province known as the land of myths and legends with thousands of attractions such as beautiful sandy and rocky beaches, ancient monuments of the burnt city and the mouth of slaves, Lut desert and ancient castles, hot and cold weather, waterfalls And hot springs, cold and tropical orchards, date palms and citrus, petroglyphs and civilized and historical sites are still unknown to Iranians and the world.

This province, with its diverse climate throughout the year, from the Hamun sugarcane to the azure plain of the Oman Sea, can leave good memories for tourists, so that in the cold winter season, when most parts of Iran are covered with snow, blizzard and cold. The beaches of this province with spring weather are ready to welcome tourists and winter travelers to spend a few days at sea and have a memorable trip for them.

Chabahar port of this province, due to its proximity to the tropics, has slight temperature changes in different seasons of the year and has the best ocean coast in the country and the mildest climate in southern Iran.

Along with the beautiful nature of Sistan and Baluchestan, the diversity of animal life of this province has become a suitable habitat for wildlife, so that the existence of some species of animals is pristine and some is rare.

The province has a diverse climate with hundreds of species of animals including birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians along with various species of freshwater and saltwater fish. The short-nosed crocodile and the Baluchi squirrel are among the animal species of Sistan and Baluchestan that, according to experts, no traces of their life can be seen in other parts of the country. The black bear and the Baluchi squirrel are also whole, goats, rams, ewes, jabirs, deer, Wild cats and caracals also live in different parts of Sistan and Baluchestan.

Among the birds, Drage, Hubre, Crow, Spotted Gilanshah, Gray Cormorant Pelican and various birds of prey such as sea urchin, balaban, homa, golden eagle and fishing eagle can be seen in this province for environmentalists.

Beautiful sandy and rocky beaches, ancient and historical monuments of the burnt city and ancient castles, hot and cold weather, waterfalls and hot springs, cold and tropical orchards, palm and citrus orchards, caves, lush and watery rivers , Petroglyphs, civilization and historical sites are part of historical and tourist attractions in Sistan and Baluchestan province.