General Information About Isfahan
A great number of travelers who visit Esfahan have experienced unforgettable days of sightseeing in this city and its wonderful sites. Isfahan, which is the principal tourist destination of Iran, is worth staying at least 2 days (if not more) for you to explore its beauties. “Isfahan; ‘Nesf-e Jahan’ is a Persian proverb meaning Isfahan is half of the world; of course it is! It is a masterpiece of Iranian culture and Persian-Islamic architecture. To find some samples of these beauties you do not need to go to any specific location; wherever you look, you will find some traces of these eye catching art and outstanding architecture. Most of this wonderful architecture dates back to Safavid era, when Shah Abbas I declared Isfahan his capital. Isfahan enjoyed a flourishing time under his rule. He built many bridges, caravansaries, and roads, and he constructed a huge Bazaar as an important commerce center because of its notable location passed by the Silk Road. As a result, the city experienced a great prosperity in trade, architecture, and art. During the rule of Shah Abbas I, Iran regained its territorial integrity, which was compromised during the previous dynasties, and it became a powerful country; Isfahan, as Iran’s magnificent capital, was known as one of the greatest cities of that time. According to archeological findings, Isfahan was a civilized center during Elamite and Medas. Besides, it was a major city in the Archaemenian and Sassanian Empires.
Some brilliant tourist attractions in and around Esfahan are:
- Naghsh-e Jahan square (Meidan-e Emam)
- Jame(Friday) mosque of Esfahan
- Khaju bridge
- Si-o-Se pol bridge
- Sheikh Lotf Allah mosque
- Chehel-Sotun palace
- Ali Qapu palace
- Chahar Baq school
- Esfahan Bazaar
- Qeisarieh Bazaar
- Emam mosque
- Sheikh-ol-Islam house
- Hasht-Behesht palace (and Bolbol garden)
- Abbasi caravansary
- Monar Jonban(Shaking Minarets)
Isfahan is located 435 km south of Tehran. What makes the city more attractive is its geographical diversity. It is surrounded by desert to the north and east and leads to the Zagros Mountains to the west and south. The nearest mountain to Isfahan is Mount Soffeh, about half an hour’s drive from ‘Naghsh-e Jahan’ square. It is a popular entertainment center among locals, containing local chairlift stations.
The ‘Zayandeh-Rud’ River, one of the largest river of Iranian Plateau, is one of the unique features of the city. It originates from the Zagros Mountains and flows into ‘Gav-Khuny’ Lake (a seasonal salt lake).
Because of some geographic phenomena like the existence of mountains and their directions, Isfahan enjoys a moderate climate.
In Isfahan, you can purchase different wonderful and appealing souvenirs and handicrafts, the most famous types of which are ‘Galam-Zani’ and ‘Khatam-Kari’. The art of pottery, tiling (hand painted tiles), and hand printed carpets are other Isfahani handicrafts.
You cannot leave Isfahan without tasting its delicious sweets like ‘Gaz’ and ‘Poolaki’, both of which are baked in different types like ‘Gaz-e Pestei’ (filled with pistachios) and chocolate ‘Poolaki’.
Isfahan Shahid Beheshti International Airport:
Tourists can access Istanbul, Kuwait, Vienna, Jeddah and Najaf via this airport. Domestic flights are also provided.
Isfahan Railroad Station:
You can reach Tehran or Mashhad by train. It has daily departures to the mentioned cities.
Both intercity and inner city busses are available with well-run services. Isfahan is well connected to all provinces and almost all major cities of Iran by bus. There exist several intercity bus terminals like ‘Kave’, ‘Jey’, etc.
You can reach Isfahan easily through highways by car. There are good routes to nearby cities (like Shiraz, Yazd, and Tehran).
In addition to inner city busses, you can access different destinations using Metro (there are three lines, one is available, the others are under construction) or taxies (snap, ‘Dar-Bast’, private taxis, etc.)