Dez Dam Lake (Shahyun)

Access roads: Khuzestan – Dezful, 23 km northeast of Andimeshk – from Dezful to Shahyoun, there is about 75 km of asphalt road. Every year, many tourists from all over the country visit this beautiful lake. This dam is currently one of the 50 tallest dams in the world, which is 203 meters high. It dates back to 50 years ago. The lake behind Dez or Shahyoun is located in Shahyoun area of ​​Khuzestan province. This lake is located 23 km northeast of Andimeshk and behind two mountains, Shadab and Tangvan, next to Pamanar village. Shahyoun area with an area of ​​approximately 30 square kilometers is one of the functions of Dezful city, with a distance of approximately 75 km of asphalt road. Of course, there are a number of side and dirt roads to make it easier for the surrounding villagers to access this area. The lake of Dez Dam has an area of ​​about 6000 hectares and its depth in some parts is close to 50 meters. Of course, this depth varies according to the amount of annual rainfall. Another beautiful manifestation of this region is the existence of green and beautiful valleys around it and north of Aghajari, which has created spectacular views. In the area of ​​Shahyoun Lake, very beautiful small and large rubble can be seen, which are covered with clothes of sand and gravel. Shahyoun Lake region is a continuation of the Zagros Mountains, which are formed by approaching the center of the region, hills, rocks and sandstone slabs. The presence of foothills, water springs and alluvial valleys has multiplied the beauty of this region. The climate of Shahyoun Lake region is very pleasant and diverse due to its proximity to the Zagros Mountains in the north and the hot plain of Khuzestan in the south. Of course, the wind has helped the mild weather in the four seasons of the year, especially in summer. The water of Dez Dam Lake originates from the heights of Arak and Aligudarz, and after crossing the Zagros Mountains and receiving numerous micro-waters, it reaches this lake. Shahyoun Lake is divided into two main branches called Caesar and Bakhtiari. Caesar River flows in the northern part of the basin and consists of 3 tributaries Marbre, dark and green. The Bakhtiar River is the second main tributary of the Dez River, which joins the Caesar River 40 km from the Sorkhab River. There is a very strange and interesting wildlife in the pastures around the lake, where animals such as foxes, rabbits and birds such as Quebec Seabirds and terns can be seen and enjoy the exceptional effects of God Almighty. It is interesting to know that even in some difficult areas it is possible to see leopards. Also, a number of large and small islands in this area have emerged from the water, in which a lot of kunar and almond trees can be seen, and they have multiplied the beauty of the area. Other trees on these islands that shine like a shining jewel in the middle of the water include the badass. Due to the convenient geographical location and flatness of the island, many recreational and residential centers have been built in this area. Therefore, travelers who go to this area should not worry too much about their rest and accommodation. One of the sweetest pastimes on the lake is fishing, which is only possible in certain seasons. Other activities such as boating, swimming, water skiing, rock jumping are also very popular in the area. Some people know the right places to set up their picnic area and set foot in this place to walk and enjoy the fresh air. The attractions around this lake are so spectacular and attractive that you do not want to end your visit to this area. Access to Shahyoun Lake in Dezful do. For tourists in Shahyoun Lake, a suitable parking lot has been provided along with a large number of boats that can make you enjoy Shahyoun Lake in Dezful. You also have to walk for about an hour to reach the green area covered with palm trees. In this place, there are eyes that flow from the top of the mountain and in the lower part, it has given an eye-catching view of the lake. There are palm trees in a part of the area that were submerged fifty years ago, but now they have been out of the water for a year or two.

 

Endica

Access roads: This city is located in the northeast of Khuzestan province. From the northwest to Lali, from the north to Sardasht Dezful, from the north and northeast to Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province from the east to Izeh and from the south to Masjed Soleiman. Indika city is one of the Bakhtiari cities of Khuzestan province. The center of that city is Khajeh Castle. In 1989, the center of Indika district was transferred from Lali village to Qaleh Khajeh village. Until then, it was part of the functions of Masjed Soleyman. In the past, in the native language, it was called Andko (Andi + Mountain), which in the Lori language means wonder, and “Ko” means “mountain”, meaning the land of wonderful mountains. As we know, the inhabitants of the Elamites were considered to be people living in high mountains. The meaning of Elam according to them specifically refers to the inhabitants of high mountains (Khuzestan), also this city (An + Deh + Ga) means “Dehgah” and the place of grain storage. This place was one of the first settlements of the Lor people in southwestern Iran, where the first works of Persian architecture (Chinese stone without mortar) are visible in Bardi Castle of Indika. Good weather and two dams of Masjed Soleiman (Godar Lander) and Shahid Abbaspour as well as Masjed Soleiman Shahrekord road are some of the potentials of this city. One of the most important visual works of this city is the ancient castles such as (Bardi Castle, Leit Castle, Dejmalkan, Arki Shala Castle, Mohammad Hossein Khan Deli Castle, Dezura Castle, Khajeh Castle, etc.) Inscriptions of Elamite reliefs such as Negin inscription, Chelou inscription, Suztina relief, Murray relief, Taraz relief, Susan Sorkhab relief, Bekaa (Prince Abda, Babazahed, Boyer, Saleh Ibrahim, Sheikh Ahmad, Sultan Ibrahim, Baba Ahmad, Amir al-Momenin , Mami Homum, Agha Soleiman, etc.) and other significant works such as Negin Bridge, Khajeh Castle Dam, Abzalu Dam, etc. Tang-e-Beta reliefs are one of the most important figures in Iran and one of the few reliefs and inscriptions in Elamite style. These reliefs are 2200 years old. This precious stone is located at the foot of Della Mountain. It has a mountainous route and ascent in the form of a gentle mountaineering with the help of local guides. Bardi Castle, which the famous French archaeologist Gershman, while studying this work scientifically, considered it as one of the most important thrones of the early Achaemenid period and believed that it was the birthplace of Cyrus, is considered one of the first models of Achaemenid architecture and Artificial terrace at the foot of the mountain, creating light shade with simple changes in the landscape, the predominant use of stone and the establishment of spaces such as palaces, temples, etc. on the terrace are the prominent features of the building. Murray’s relief is located on the Taraz route and the eastern slope of the mountain. The role of three people carved in a painting. Dejasad Khan or Dejmalkan dates back to the Sassanid era. Asad Khan Fortress has a special place among the Bakhtiaris. It is built on a rocky structure and is difficult to access. The castle is built on two floors. It has several water reservoirs, stables, springs and agricultural land, etc. Chahar Taqi or Simband fire temple is the healthiest and most resistant fire temple in Khuzestan. This building is in the shape of a cube that has crescent-shaped entrances on both sides. Unfortunately, the dome of the building has collapsed, but it still retains its grandeur. It is made of dry China and is reinforced with back straps. And it is skillfully designed and built at the same time. Recent studies have proven its calendar use. The work is located on an asphalt road leading to the village of Amir al-Momenin (AS). It is safe to say that Negin Bridge is one of the ancient engineering masterpieces and it dates back to 2200 years ago. The bridge overflowed the water of Shimbar Wetland to the Shela paddy fields. The bridge is built on a rocky structure without the use of any materials, only by digging a rock 250 meters long in the west-east direction with a height of about 6 meters and a width of 3-4 meters. Downstream of the bridge, there are beautiful mills and Negin Bridge waterfall, which is part of the work area. There are hundreds of rock formations in Indika called Ostudan or Bardguri. The density and large number of this work in Indika is unparalleled compared to other cities in the country. From a scientific point of view, this interpretation is wrong. The crypt or ossuary (ossuary) was used for burial. Zoroastrians respected the four elements (water, soil, air and fire). They were left in enclosed tombs, and after a while the bones of the dead were transferred to these slaves or masters. These works date back to the Sassanid period. Kushk Island behind Shahid Abbaspour Dam is one of the most beautiful islands in the country due to its pristine nature, diverse vegetation, meadows, colorful flowers and various fruit trees. To visit Kushk Island, tourists must travel from Masjed Soleyman city road to Indika city. After reaching Indika, go to Shahid Abbaspour Dam Lake and Kushk Island is located in the heart of it. It is very enjoyable and relaxing to do activities such as mountaineering, rock climbing, caving, boating, cycling and hiking in the pristine nature. Spring is the best time to travel.

Abr Forest

Ways of access: You must reach Shahroud or Bastam. Go from Shahroud to Azadshahr. After 18 km, you will reach the village of No Kharqan. After this village, you are at the beginning of Abar village. Abard forest is located in East Alborz region and in Shahroud city, Bastam section and Kharqan district (Shahroud) and is almost the border of Semnan province and Golestan province. Shahroud cloud forest Shahroud is a part of the oldest and most beautiful Hyrcanian forests with rare plant and animal species, one It is one of the most beautiful places in Iran and the northeast of the country. This forest with an area of ​​35,000 hectares is a continuation of the lush forests of the north of the country because it is often known as an ocean of clouds over the forest. In this forest, the clouds are so close to the trees that it seems that the forest rides on the clouds and can be explored among the clouds, and many tourists believe that it is one of the most beautiful natural landscapes in Iran. Cloud forest is important for three reasons: 1. It is part of the ancient Hyrcanian forests and has unique medicinal plants. 2. Akoten is important in this area; That is, the boundary between the two ecosystems is semi-desert and forest. As can be seen in the forests of this area, coniferous trees along with broadleaf trees, which has also been effective in animal species. 3- The special geography of the region, which puts two low and high regions together, is important; As we see the formation of a cloud ocean in this region, which is a unique phenomenon in the world. In addition to natural beauty, unique characteristics such as the presence of different species of woody plants along with very rare plant species such as beech, oak, alder, elm, wild cherry, rainbow, yew, linden and the like have made it possible for these lands as living bananas for Attract domestic and foreign tourists to be used. Some of the foreign tourists in this region are botanists who come to Iran to see the rare plant species in the Hyrcanian forests, and the second group are general tourists who often come from Central and Middle Eastern countries. The cloud forest is located in a place that reduces the thickness of the Alborz mountains and the clouds behind this wall flow south through the valleys; Therefore, almost from the afternoon until midnight, as the weather cools, it seems that the forest has climbed on the clouds. The proximity of two low-pressure and high-pressure areas (Gorgan plain and cloud region) has caused the clouds to move whenever the earth receives energy and it seems that the clouds are coming down from the sky to the ground. This has changed the cloud region. Existence of 85 species of plants such as beech, oak, hornbeam, maple, milkweed, alder, azalea, Mir Hassan, Chubak, sainfoin, fox tail, thyme and clover along with rare plant species such as elm, rainbow, yew and the like forest It has turned the cloud into natural bananas. The special climate of this forest has grown different trees, some of which have crawled on the ground with their special shape and created a beautiful landscape. Cloud forest is one of the rich banks of medicinal plants in the country, which attracts many enthusiasts and enthusiasts from all over the world every year. In the southern parts of the forest, the part that is closer to the villages, the vegetation is sparse. In the depths of the forest there are steep hills that are covered with tall trees. The most famous tree in the Ursa region. A tree with long roots that crawls on the ground. The initial areas of the cloud forest are the summer pastures of Golestani shepherds, but no human traces can be seen in the depths of the forest. The animal species of this region are brown bear, wolf, leopard, wild boar, jackal, fox, whole rabbit and goat, shoka and snake and from Quebec birds, wild pigeon, quail, forest eagle, vulture, hawk, cuckoo and pheasant. win. The cloud forest has two famous waterfalls, Shersher and Alochal. Reaching the former is for professional climbers, but with about 64 km of walking in the heart of the forest you can reach the latter. Alochal consists of two waterfalls that overlap. This waterfall is 25 meters high. The way to reach it passes through a spectacular area called Dalan Behesht. On the northwest edge of Abar village, there are dirt roads that reach Shirinabad village at the end and by taking the continuation of the route, Rostam Mountain is in front of you. There is a paved path next to this mountain. Continue on this path until you reach the corridor of paradise. Following the path, you will reach a side. Aluchal Abar waterfall is one hour away from the beginning of this side road. There are two sour and diagonal springs in the forest that camping next to the first is more common. This forest is the 114th natural monument that was included in the list of natural heritage of Iran by the Cultural Heritage Organization on February 11, 2011. At the meeting of the Supreme Environmental Council on February 20, 2015, the cloud forest was declared a protected area and was included in the list of four areas of the Environmental Protection Organization. The cloud forest can also be seen in the village of Philband (or locally as Philben). Philband is uninhabited during the winter due to heat and cold and heavy snowfall. Route to Filband: Haraz road does not reach Amol, 2 km left to the last tunnel on the right side of the road. You will see the sign of Chelav village. After passing this village, you will first go to Philband village. The best time to travel to Shahroud cloud forest is late April to late. June is the month. But before going to it, you should also check the weather. If the weather in Aliabad Katoul in Golestan province is cloudy and rainy and the weather in Shahroud is clear and sunny, one can hope to see clouds. Clouds appear from noon to midnight

The lost paradise protected area

Access roads: Shiraz – The road from Shiraz to Yasuj, after Goim village and Aspas city, reached a crossroads. The road goes straight to Yasuj, but you take the left, which is Marvdasht road. A clear path is waiting for you. On this way, you will pass by Dorodzan Dam and reach Kamfirooz. There is a signpost to the camphor and the lost plain. Before entering Tang Bastanak, there is a parking lot where you can park your car and continue on foot. Eight missing people are in a pleasant and green area in the camphorous section of Marvdasht city. The original name of this place was Tang-e Bostanak, which is now known as the Lost Paradise. The Tang-e Bostanak protected area with an area of ​​15324 hectares is located in the northwest of Fars province, 120 km from Shiraz and 100 km from Marvdasht in Kamfiroz. Tang-e Bostanak is a region, mainly mountainous, with forest cover. With snow and ice. The average temperature is between 16-14 degrees and the average rainfall is 42.479 mm. The access route to Tang-e Bostanak passes through the villages of Beiza and Kamfirooz, and the lake of Dorodzan Dam and dense oak forests are also in this route. From the entrance of the gorge, a relatively wide garden alley continues in the twist of beautiful rivers to the place of Tang Bostanak waterfall, and here is a mass of sycamore forest in not so narrow gorges with a twist of limestone sediments showing one of the most amazing faces of nature. . The extension of this sidewalk from the riverbed to a pristine village in a place far from the mind completes the beauty and charm of this area. In the past, its most important benefit for downstream villages was the use of water resources for drinking, agriculture, and occasional tourism in local communities, and by the late 1950s it was unfamiliar to urban dwellers and less used for intensive tourism, but gradually from the early 1960s. Introduced by mountaineering groups and nature tourists, and in terms of stunning beauty and unique natural landscape, was named Paradise Lost by interested visitors. At present, about 6 months of the year in the spring and summer seasons of the region is used by visitors and in the four months of May, June, July, August most visitors visit the region. The geographical location of Tang-e Bostanak in the tourism network of the north and northwest and the possibility of connecting its roads with the historical monuments of Persepolis, Naghsh-e Rostam and Pasargad on the one hand and the natural landscapes of Margon and Tang-e-Baraq on the other are of special importance for this complex. It creates the development of ecotourism. In lesser areas, all these eye-catching scenes are gathered in one place. As you pass the villages of Beida and Kamfirooz, the alleys of gardens and fields that you leave behind, spectacular views begin. Dorodzan Dam Lake, oak forests, scenic villages and lush paddy fields attract many tourists to this area on holidays. After passing all this, you will approach Tang-e Bostanak waterfall, which is both pleasant and lush. The short waterfalls next to the towering trees and the tall ones take the fatigue out of you. The vegetation of this strait is diverse. As you wish, oak, sycamore, walnut, pistachio and almond trees are lost in paradise. Barberry, milk thistle, camel thorn, Shirazi thyme, licorice and astragalus are also found in this area. There is also a lot of animal diversity in this area; Rams, wild goats, brown bears, otters, Persian squirrels, rabbits, foxes, ewes, partridges and birds of prey have diversified the wildlife of this region. According to the locals, the volume of water was very high at one time and covered the whole bed, but over time, its volume decreased. Along the way, there are two 6-inch metal pipes through which water is transferred from the source of Tang-e Bostanak to downstream villages. It reached the source after 3 km. Where there is plenty of water and suitable for camping. You come across a dilemma here. The right side almost ends in the gorge and on the slopes you will reach the apple and walnut orchards and then the houses of Jiderzar village. The path on the left is the continuation of the gorge and then there is a pool. This pool is located under a stone arch and that is what makes it beautiful. A place with a lot of sycamore and walnut trees and all that when it is finished, an oak forest can be seen. A good feature of this nearby summer area is several important tourist attractions. Kerr, the largest river in Fars province, which is very spectacular in spring and the Dordzan dam is on its way, is one of the nearby attractions: Tang Bostanak to Persepolis is 2 hours, to Naghsh-e Rostam is 1 hour and 50 minutes, to Margon waterfall is 2 hours and 40 minutes, and it is an hour and a quarter to the glorious gorge.The Paradise of the Lost Paradise is located in the mountainous region, so it has dry weather in summer and cold and snowy weather in winter, so the best time to visit the ancient gorge is from May to the endof August .