Turkmen Sahara (Khalid Nabi)

Access roads: Golestan province: Gonbad Kavous cities, Aliabad, etc. There is a beautiful and pristine region in the northeast of our beloved Iran called Turkmen Sahara, which covers many parts of Golestan and North Khorasan provinces, including Cities that are part of the Turkmen Sahara region also include Gonbad Kavous, Turkmen port, Kalaleh, Aq Qala, Maraveh Tappeh, Kalaleh, Siminshahr, Gomsh Tappeh, Negin Shahr, Anbar Alum. This region is different from other northern regions of the country (Gilan and Mazandaran) in terms of climate, vegetation, soil and animal life. The animals of this region are from semi-desert to forest animals (Arctic Paleo animal crown). The oldest archaeological findings The northern region of pottery and man-made artifacts traces the history of habitation and life in this region to more than seven thousand years ago. Turkmen Sahara due to its vastness has sea, forest, mountains, lake, river, waterfall, sprinkler, monuments and. … is a lot. Among the scenic areas of the Turkmen Sahara, the following sights can be mentioned: Qaboos Dome: It is the tallest brick tower in the world, which has been left since the fourth century AH. This tower is located in Gonbad Kavous city. Khalid Nabi Shrine: It is located in a mountainous area in the northeast of Gonbad Kavous city on the top of Gogjeh Dagh mountain. The way to reach this area is from the side of stigma and focus. Near the tomb of Khalid Nabi, there is a huge cemetery consisting of 600 graves. Due to the special landscape, this cemetery is one of the tourist attractions of the region. The tombstones of this cemetery are in the form of cylinders and ramps, and the height of some of them reaches two meters. The history of this cemetery dates back to the Paleolithic period and it is about a thousand years old. According to the legends, some of these stone statues were the enemies of Khalid Nabi, who were caught in the wrath of God and turned into stones. Some narrations also say that Khalid ibn Sinan (the last prophet and preacher of Christianity) took refuge from the people of the sun on the top of Gogjeh Dagh mountain and with his companions, at the will of God, they became stones so that they would not be captured by the enemies. This place is now registered as a national monument. Unfortunately, in recent years, a lot of damage has been done to these historical statues. Shepherd Tomb of Ata: This tomb is a simple building with a quadrangular plan; On each side there is a window with a crescent arch. The north window has become the entrance. The dome of the metal tomb is made in the shape of a sharp hexagon in the center of the roof. A vast area that, instead of vast plains, is surrounded by countless hills and valleys. As far as the eye can see, the mountains and valleys are uniform. Hezar Dareh includes about 17 peaks that are more than 3600 meters high. The highest peak of Hezar Dareh region is 3874 meters above sea level. Aq Qala historical brick bridge; A bridge that was built on the Gorgan River during the Safavid period. Alam Baba Tomb: It is a simple quadrangular building with a window on each side. The window on its south side has been turned into an entrance and a crescent-shaped entrance. The roof and dome of this tomb are similar to the dome of Shepherd Ata tomb. More than 60 small and large waterfalls, including Shirabad, Lohe, Kaboudwal, Golestan, Baran Kooh, Ziarat, Doab and Shadan (7 floors) are located in this province, but the most famous of them is Kaboudwal waterfall, which is the only all-moss waterfall in Iran. It is located 5 km away from the city center and in the southeast direction of Aliabad Katoul city of Golestan province. Golfshan Incheh: In this place, you can see both Golshan and Namkzar and it is less active. The address is 26 km north of Aq Qala. One is that if you light a fire on the mud, you will see these flowers catch fire, and the other is that part of the historical defensive wall of Gorgan passes through this place. Address: 18 km northwest of Aq Qala, near the village of Saqartpeh. Gobakjeh volcano consists of five conical holes and is still active. Address north of Gobakjeh hill, east margin of Sufi road, low to Incheh Borun. Naftijeh volcano is located near Gomishan city and smells of oil. These days, the Naftlijeh basin has changed color and turned purple, which proves the process of iodine in the depths of the Golestan plains. Firooz Shah flower planter in the east of Incheh Borun road to Gorgan and near Alagol wetland. To visit areas such as Khalid Nabi and Hezar Dareh, it is better to travel to the Turkmen Sahara in April and May. Due to the impassability, only in these months, you can easily travel on the roads of this route. But other areas have extraordinary beauty in spring, summer and autumn

Rudbar paradise

Access roads: The only walking and access road to Jannat Rudbar is a dead end road. The travel route to the beginning of Janat Rudbar Road is through Ramsar or Harris village in the middle of Ramsar to Tonekabon road in Mazandaran province. In Ramsar city, the green and beautiful village of Janat Rudbar, which is located in a dense forest and full of Dalikhani trees, has numerous and beautiful villages, each of which has beautiful tourist attractions. The center of Janat Rudbar village, which is the village of Janat Rudbar and is one of the most important tourist attractions of Ramsar, is located in the middle of two mountains and in a plain next to a river. The water of this river originates from the springs of Lapaser and Giash mountains. The confluence of several other rivers flows into the Chalkrud River and finally into the Caspian Sea. This region has very beautiful waterfalls, such as Siasart waterfall, Rish Bazar waterfall, Hisian waterfall, Khoshka waterfall, Chardar waterfall, Azarak waterfall and Hosseinieh waterfall. Also in this area, there is a beautiful river called Chalkroud with a length of 40 km, which originates from the eastern slope of Mount Samasos, and after passing through mountains, forests and valleys, and after mixing with Lak Trashan, Ermo rivers. And Jalisan ends in the Caspian Sea. Amazing and extremely attractive summers of this region include Akraser, Namakdereh, Chak, Izaki, Cherte and Jiroud, which are very beautiful and pristine areas with pleasant weather, which have dubbed Ramsar a lost paradise. In spring and summer, these areas host a large number of enthusiasts and tourists from inside and outside the country. 250 hectares of land in the city of Ramsar, as the bride of the cities of Iran, is dedicated to the cultivation of ox-tongue flowers. Janat Rudbar village is produced. Whenever you are a guest of Janat Rudbar village near Ramsar city, be sure to visit the eye-catching and fragrant boar fields. It may also be interesting to know that every year in this lovely village, special festivals for borage are held. The time of holding this festival coincides with the time of harvest in each year in May, when the harvest of the year is harvested, this unique festival is held. One of the rare beauties of Jannat Rudbar is its foggy days, which occur when the fog lands. If you are in this area on such days, you will see amazing scenes of nature. Ramsar Rudbar Paradise has a mountainous climate. As expected from the mountainous climate, the climate in this region is cold, with snow and rain more than other regions. Of course, this mountain cold and coldness reaches its peak in the cold winter season, and instead, during the hot summer season, it causes this region to have a pleasant and pleasant weather and a pleasant breeze to greet the guests of the village. If you travel to this lovely village in summer, you will experience hot and sunny days, and as soon as it gets dark and the sun sets, the temperature will drop significantly. Therefore, whenever you are a guest of Janat Rudbar village, be sure to have warm and cold clothes with you. Dalkhani forest, Garsmasar summer village, Namak Darreh and Jannat Rudbar are some of the best attractions here. The distance from Ramsar to Janat Rudbar village is more than 5.1 hours by car. For this route you have to travel approximately 55 km. The summers of Jannat Rudbar such as Akrasar, Chak, Cherte, Namakdereh, Izaki and Jirrood are very beautiful areas and have a pleasant climate. Other waterfalls mentioned from Janat Rudbar region include Azarak waterfall, Hosseinieh waterfall, Chardar waterfall, Khoshka waterfall, Rish Bazar waterfall and Hisian waterfall. The climate of Jannat Rudbar is cool and the region is snowy in winter. The weather in Paradise Rudbar is excellent in summer and in mild seasons, including spring and early autumn. Even winter, despite the cold, is a season of snowy and white landscapes, but the area is impassable and not suitable for travel.


Two thousand and Three thousand Tonekabon forests

Access roads: The main way to reach the forests of two thousand from Tehran, Chalous road and then Tonekabon city (Shahsavar) is Khorramabad section of Qaleh Gardan. Reach the forest entrance. The crossroads will take you to two thousand or three thousand. The other way is from Qazvin, then Alamut and Garmarud village to three thousand road, which has a dirt road and is not recommended for cars. These forests, with their unique landscape, meadows, high forests, plains and rivers, provide a unique natural complex for nature lovers to experience a very special and dreamy area. Existence of refreshing water and pleasant climate and pristine nature and dreamy tranquility of this forest has turned it into one of the most spectacular places in northern Iran. Tall and towering trees that connect to the sky, the sound of birds and the resonance of woodpeckers pecking at the trunks of trees, and the thick fog that occasionally covers the entire forests of two thousand and three thousand Tonekabon have created a mysterious and beautiful place that should not be seen. he lost. These forests are located next to the city of Tonekabon. Some believe that the height of these forests is their name. Forests of two thousand, two thousand meters and forests of three thousand, three thousand meters above sea level. Others believe that the existence of two rivers in two thousand and three rivers in three thousand is the reason for this naming. Because in Mazandaran language, the word Haraz is used for the river and over time this word has become one thousand and the name of the forests has changed to two thousand three thousand. These rivers, like all rivers in Mazandaran, are connected to the Caspian Sea. This region has vegetation such as beech, van, sycamore and hyrcanian which are native trees of Mazandaran. In three thousand, there are beautiful doors with pristine and lush vegetation through which three thousand rivers pass. Sialan Peak, beautiful Hyrcanian forests, Cheshmeh Kileh River, beautiful Daryasar plain, 3,000-year-old spas and valleys of natural areas, registered historical monuments of Amir Asad Mosque and historical bath in Bala Estuj village, beautiful village of Maran, Nosha of historical and pristine areas Are area. In winter, due to snowfall, it is a bit difficult to cross. If you are not from the area, traveling in winter is not recommended on this road. But in spring, summer and early autumn it is a very beautiful road. The villages of the three thousand region are divided into two categories: forest and mountain. Visiting each of these villages in the region has its own beauty. It is the beginning of the asphalt road and in the middle of it, the road maze has increased and there are bumps and road construction and repair operations. Drinking water can be found in abundance along the whole route and also to the last village of the region, namely Darjan, some Provided on this road. There is also a fish farm and a fish farming center on this road. The neighborhood honey is the last point that can be reached by car. You have to walk about two hours from the neighborhood honey to reach the sea. Here the forest ends and you will reach a wide plain which has a very pleasant climate in summer. The beautiful mountains of Latkhan Ben, Siahkal and Kol Tala, as well as springs and rivers, make Daryasar one of the tourist attractions. Is. This plain is full of juniper and plum trees that you can pick for yourself in the fruit season. It is better to rest a little in the sea. After the sea, it takes about an hour to reach the area of ​​”Hersang”. Then you will reach Harsang. This is a watery area and many springs pass through it. After each stone, you enter the forest. If you do not intend to go to the peak of Sialan, it is better to return from here because you have to walk for three hours on a forest path that is almost all uphill and steep. After that, you will reach the director. After that, you reach the Winnie the Sheep House and you have to spend the night. This is the sheep farm of Alamouti shepherds, you can spend the night near the place where the summer is of these herdsmen. It is very cold above. Snow can be seen in this area even in summer. From here to the peak of Sialan is about four to five hours and most of the way is uphill and its slope is more in some areas and less in some areas. On the way, you will probably cross the Sea of ​​Water, which is a seasonal lake at the foot of Sialan Peak. When you reach the summit, the best time for hiking in these forests, many of which are still untouched, is late September to early December. Of course, spending the night in these forests is not without grace and the mild weather can be enjoyed



Access roads: The most important access road to the area is the new construction route of Masjed Soleiman to Shahrekord, which is currently asphalted to the beginning of the area, and inside the area, infrastructure and asphalting are being done. Inside the area, there are village sand roads. Another route extends from the Indica section to the Bazaft section and passes through the center of the area. Part of this route is asphalt and parts of it are sandy. This tourist area is located on the border of Khuzestan and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari provinces, 100 km from Masjed Soleiman and 225 km from Ahvaz. It is one of the functions of Chelou section of Indika city. Shimbar plain is from the east to Domeh mountain and from the southwest to Chal Munar and from the south to Qalandar and Dula mountains and from the northeast to Lelrokutak region and high and snowy mountains. Kino and Layla are connected. The beautiful plain of Shimbar (Shirin Bahar) is located on one side of the foothills of Della Mountain. Numerous springs, beautiful waterfalls, shimbar shrubs and forests covered with oak trees, almonds, wild bushes, mushrooms and citrus fruits, mountain grapes, berries, pomegranates and apples are some of the unique features of nature in this region. Most of the people of this land are from Mori and Gomar tribes. One of the sights of Shimbar plain is Qalandaran mountain which used to be a refuge for rebels and opponents of the governments of the time. The plain is full of ruby ​​grapes that have no private owner. On the other hand, the soaring mountains The area, which is covered with a variety of flowers and shrubs, is the best choice for mountaineering. The wildlife of this plain is also interesting and has added to the natural beauty of this area. The Shimbar stream that flows in this plain has doubled its beauty. There are many springs in the corners of the plain. In the past, bears, wolves, hyenas, herds of boars and birds of prey such as eagles and vultures lived in this area so that not everyone dared to enter the heart of the Shimbar forest. Today, due to illegal hunting, the ecosystem cycle of this region is in trouble. The people of Shimbar and its surroundings are Bakhtiari mountain tribes that have been engaged in animal husbandry and agriculture in this region for centuries. These nomads have various handicrafts and livestock products, including weaving, kilim weaving, carpet weaving, local clothes, local cheese, local butter, local oil, curd, qara, honey and bread. Shimbar is in the main route of migration of Bakhtiari nomads from tropical regions of Khuzestan to Koohrang and Zardkooh and cold regions in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari. Numerous inscriptions and antiquities indicate the antiquity of this region, which dates back to the Parthian era. Tang Beta petroglyphs are one of these antiquities. Tang Beta is located in the heights of Mount Della in Indica city with 12 reliefs of eight and a half meters and one bas-relief of 140 centimeters. According to the researches that archaeologists have done in different periods in this region, about 700 sites and historical and ancient monuments have been identified in Khuzestan Indika. Tang-e-Beta is one of the most prominent reliefs in Khuzestan. Considering the type of covering and haircut of these lithographs, it can be estimated that they are contemporaneous with the Parthian period and related to the Elamites (local government at the same time as the Parthians whose part was Indika). Beta was registered in 2010 under the number 25989 in the list of national monuments of the country and consists of two parts. A painting on which the role of one person is carved and in the other painting there are 12 other reliefs. In this relief, 12 people, 9 companions and in the other part, three people are shorter. In the middle of the role of these 12 people, the inscription, the wand and the base of the fire can be seen. On top of two of them is a crown that distinguishes these two from the others and they seem to be the queen and the wife of the king. People are as if they are performing religious ceremonies. Types of slavery (Ostudan): The ancient Iranians, because of their belief in the sanctity of the soil, which is one of the four elements of creation, considered it necessary to be clean, so they strictly avoided contact with the bodies of the dead. They were placed in the open air so that their meat could be preyed upon by animals and birds, and after a while only the dead bones remained, they were placed inside the masters. These masters were in the heart of the mountains or in the heart of the rocks separately in different places. They were scattered and dug up. Some of these slaves (masters) are embossed in other places. Other natural and historical attractions of this region include Gondikal Wetland, Shimbar River, Pol Negin Waterfall, Shimbar Plain Forest Plain, Negin Bridge. To the Parthian period, the remains of Tetgan Sinan water mills, Qala-e Dokhtar, Qalandarun mountain, Kaleh Ghandi castle, Ahangari castle, Saleh Ibrahim shrine at the foot of Dameh mountain, Baba Zahed shrine, Mohammad Ibn Hammam shrine on the east side of Shimbar and stone lions and Kahrizs Can be named. The spectacular Shimbar waterfall, with a height of more than 50 meters, is located in a difficult area to reach, so it is very difficult to reach, and therefore, the surrounding areas remain completely untouched and pristine. Shimbar Wetland is located in the Shimbar Protected Area along the Zagros Mountains. Due to its location in the highlands of Khuzestan province, this wetland is affected by the mountain climate and has a temperate climate and heavy rainfall, especially in autumn and winter. Many species of birds such as pelicans, swallows, Kashmians, etc. live in this lagoon. The best time to visit this area is spring.